Tobacco Control Bill

Many members of the World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCOTH), which ended in Singapore over the weekend, concerned that a few months after a national law on tobacco control was adopted, President Goodluck Jonathan has not signed this law, according to OLUKOREDE YISHAU
Two days ago, the international community over the conference, at which it was agreed that health should take precedence over financial gain from the tobacco industry. World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCOTH), which ended in Singapore over the weekend, showed that the tobacco epidemic should be limited to that increases the number of people it kills higher than its current test 6 million per year.
Two reports released at the conference, the fourth edition of the Atlas of Tobacco and Tobacco Watch, paint a picture of the mountain of things. Records show that Nigeria is in jeopardy if the bill on the national tobacco control is not passed into law by President Goodluck Jonathan.
Tobacco Atlas puts cost of smoking in the Nigerian economy in terms of losses for the treatment and poor performance in the $ 591m per year. He said 17000000000 cigarettes produced in the country every year, and showed that more people are getting on tobacco use.
Many participants asked the Nigerian contingent, while the bill passed by the National Assembly remains unsigned. They believe that without a law regulating the industry, initiatives aimed at combating the epidemic in third world countries, such as $ 200 million initiative announced by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the result will achieve little.
President of the Washington-based Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids (CTFK), Matt Myers, Jonathan encouraged to sign the bill. Myers said: “If I meet with President Goodluck Jonathan, I will tell him that one, he must do quickly that will save the lives of many Nigerians to sign a bill against tobacco use and to ensure that the country will do it immediately. If tobacco bill is signed and implemented, it will save just for the millions of Nigerians from the time of death. Most importantly, it will protect the Nigerian youth from tobacco addiction and premature death, life. ”
(ERA) of Action for the Protection of the director, corporate reporting, Mr. Akinbode Oluwafemi, said Bill domestication of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the first global agreement in the field of health care developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), which Nigeria has ratified.
Oluwafemi said: “The FCTC is one of the most successful international conventions. It includes other specific steps to address the Government of tobacco, including the adoption of tax and price measures to reduce tobacco consumption, the creation of smoke-free workplace and in public spaces, put well-known dangers of Health on tobacco packaging, and combat the illicit trade in tobacco products.
“Big Tobacco is doing everything possible to not apply the rules in accordance with the FCTC; using tactics are hidden under the corporate social responsibility (CSR) in order to deceive people in the government in the extra path, risking people’s health. This tactic includes a partnership agreement between the government and industry, the industry perspective, programmers argue that preventing youth smoking, as well as training for farmers. ”
Communications Manager, Africa Tobacco Control Regional Initiative (ATCRI), Mr. Adeola Akinremi urged Jonathan to sign the bill into law.
Speaking at WCTOH, Akinremi said: “President Jonathan must agree to a bill that could save the lives of many Nigerians in the long term.”
Akinremi noted that the signing of this bill will help the cause for which the mayor of New York was committed to his personal funds.
For Akinsola Owoeye on Tobacco Control Alliance Nigeria, there are several reasons why the bill should be signed. Owoeye said: “Despite the promises of the government and the tobacco industry, the dead began to rise in Nigeria after the BAT entered the study in Lagos showed an increase in smoking prevalence from 8.9 percent to 10 percent and the prevalence of smoking which rose to 16.3 percent. It also shows that two people die every day in a state with tobacco-related diseases. Using conservative estimates of Lagos State, it means that every state in Nigeria held at least, N2, 847,000,000 ($ 18,058,992) for the treatment of smokers in hospitals. Multiply this amount by the 37 states of Nigeria, it also means that Nigeria has lost N105, 339 million ($ 668,182,708) per year. If this figure is justified, he obviously does silly things 10 billion naira ($ 6,343,165) per year, tax BATN “.

Soluble tobacco can reduce the risks

A Food and Drug Administration scientific advisory group says the soluble tobacco products may reduce the risk to health than smoking cigarettes, but also has the potential to increase the total number of smokers. Soluble Tobacco finely ground tobacco is pressed into forms like tablets that slowly dissolve in the mouth of this person. He drew attention to the tobacco companies that want to offset the decline in consumption of cigarettes smokers face a tax increase, growing health problems, smoking bans and public condemnation.
Tobacco Products Agency Scientific Advisory Committee, a report studying the products are available online on Friday ahead of schedule in accordance with the mandate of the law to give FDA authority to regulate the industry. Despite their results, after several months of public meetings and presentations, the Panel noted that there is a lack of research products, which represent a small share of the market.
Tobacco companies are focused on cigarette alternatives – such as cigars, snuff and chewing tobacco, and other forms of nicotine – for future sales growth. The group says that the products are sold for use in tobacco consumers can not smoke.
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co, which is owned by Reynolds American Inc. in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, is test-marketing of soluble tablets; strips and a toothpick shape the balls called Camel and Camel Strips sticks in mint and other flavors. Balls lasts about 15 minutes, strips dissolve in five minutes or less, and sticks, which are slightly larger than a toothpick, the last 15 to 20 minutes. Richmond-based Altria Group Inc, owner of the largest tobacco company in the country, Philip Morris USA, is also test marketing wooden sticks coated with finely ground tobacco brand Marlboro.
In addition, Star Scientific Inc, based in Glen Allen, Va., market tablets of wintergreen tobacco, coffee and tobacco taste. Ariva and Stonewall tablets brand first appeared in the market about 10 years ago, but sales were minimal.
According to the report, the exclusive use of soluble tobacco products by individual would be “significantly reduce the risk” compared with the regular use of cigarettes. It can also reduce the population burden of disease caused by tobacco use, if the products to reduce the number of people who smoke or not to start smoking.
“Based on the understanding of the delivery of toxins smokers, exclusive use of the (soluble tobacco) should be less dangerous than regular cigarettes, smoking is currently marketed in the United States,” the report said.
However, the Committee concluded that the presence of soluble tobacco products could make people think tobacco is generally more secure. For anecdotal evidence, the committee said it did not find information on how soluble tobacco smokers will more likely to quit smoking.
Most health experts say there is no safe way to use tobacco and push people to quit first. Others accept the idea that safer alternatives can improve health if they are referring to people less smoke.
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company said in a statement, the report emphasizes the importance and urgency of informing consumers of tobacco on the relative health risks from tobacco and other products that contain nicotine, as well as the benefits of quitting.
“This information must be based on sound science,” the company said.
FDA said it plans to review the results to resolve any future action, but there is no time to act. The agency has raised concerns that the soluble tobacco products contain large amounts of nicotine and may be particularly attractive to children and youth.

Tobacco health labels constitutional

A U.S. law requires large graphic warnings on cigarette packages and advertising does not violate free speech rights of tobacco companies, a federal appeals court ruled on Monday.
Cigarettes sued the manufacturers to stop the U.S. Food and Drug Administration new labeling and advertising requirements under rule violated their First Amendment right to communicate with adult consumers of tobacco.
But the Cincinnati-based U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th circuit has left most of the new regulatory framework of the FDA, including the requirement that tobacco companies are the big picture warnings on cigarette packs.
The decision comes on the heels of the Washington, DC, the ruling judge in the different but related case, has rejected demands by the FDA and, it seems, created a clash over the constitutionality of the rules of FDA.
Floyd Abrams, a lawyer Lorillard, said the difference in tone in the two actions and said the 6 th circuit case, the case of Washington, or both, is likely to end up in the U.S. Supreme Court.
The difference in these two cases is that the FDA did not provide concrete images, when the company filed a lawsuit six Circuit. While the lawsuit focuses on Washington’s image, the appellate court considered the broader question of the normative power of FDA.
“There can be no doubt that the government has a substantial interest in preventing underage smoking and warning the population about the dangers of using tobacco products,” Judge Eric Clay wrote for the three-judge panel of the Sixth Circuit.
Congress passed a law in 2009 and ordered the FDA to take specific warning label rules. The labels must be in color, should include the top 50 percent before a pack of cigarettes and rear panels, and should cover the top 20 percent of print advertising.
After the tobacco companies, including RJ Reynolds Tobacco Co and Lorillard Inc, Lorillard Tobacco Co, sued to block the law, FDA presented the nine images to go on cigarette packs, including graphic images of corpses, diseased lungs and rotting teeth. Companies blame the government forcing them to spread anti-smoking message in order to embarrass and stigmatize already informed consumers.
Two judges of the majority of the Court of Appeal panel disagreed with the companies on the label claim, arguing that the fact that the specific images can cause an aversion does the requirement of the Constitution. Most say that it was just a decision on the constitutionality of the law on its face, rather than specific images that FDA imposed after the lawsuit was filed.
Dissent PHOTO
Judge Clay, who wrote the main opinion upholding most of the FDA rules, objected, however, the ruling on the graphic label. He called the rules “is simply unprecedented.” Although the Government may require the manufacturer to provide truthful information, “it is less clearly permissible for the government, just to scare the consumer or otherwise attempt to manipulate the emotions of the consumer roughly, as he seeks to do here,” Clay wrote.
February 29, DC, District Judge Richard Leon ruled that the FDA violated the images free speech rights of tobacco companies. He found that warning labels were too high and that the government has a lot of other tools at its disposal to prevent smoking, such as raising taxes on cigarettes, including simple factual information on the label, not the horrible images.
The Obama administration appealed that ruling to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia on March 5.
Lorillard’s lawyer says Abrams appeals court on Monday the decision does not necessarily conflict with the decision of Leon.
“The court made it clear that focuses on the law as written, rather than on its implementation,” said Abrams.
Ministry of Justice did not immediately provide comment.
6th circuit is also supported by other rules of FDA, including restrictions on the marketing of “light” cigarettes, the distribution of free samples of tobacco sponsorship of events. The court overturned a rule prohibiting the use of color and graphics in advertising.
“We are pleased the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the continued use of colors and images in our advertising,” said the spokesman for RJ Reynolds, Brian hatchel.

Budget 2012: Tobacco set to get dearer

Price of tobacco products may be a growth in the near future. The Union Ministry of Health wrote to all States to either tax or an increase in VAT on all tobacco products – cigarettes, beedis, smokeless tobacco (gutka and pan masala), tobacco and tobacco leaves.
Tobacco is a known risk factor for six of the eight leading causes of death, and almost 40% of non-communicable diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and lung disorders.
Studies have shown that a 10% rise in prices will lead to beedi 9.2% decrease in consumption of beedi, while 10% jump in cigarette prices would reduce cigarette consumption by 3.4%. In India, 10 lakh deaths every year are tobacco alone. It is assumed that by 2020 tobacco will account for 13% of all deaths in India every year. Almost 35% of adults (aged 15 and older) consume tobacco in India (47% men and 21% of women).
Some countries have begun charging a high rate of VAT on tobacco products – Rajasthan (40% VAT on all types of tobacco products), Gujarat (25% VAT), Odisha (25% VAT) and Jammu and Kashmir (30% VAT on all tobacco products).
Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Keshav Desiraju in his letter said: “Tobacco use leads to a heavy burden of disease, disability and death in this way imposes high medical costs and productivity. According to a study conducted by the health value of the Indian Council of Medical Research, the cost of treatment of all three diseases caused by tobacco – cancer, pulmonary disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease accounts for approximately 25% of total government expenditure on health care. ”
He added: “One of the most effective ways to reduce tobacco consumption by making the unit price is higher to make them inaccessible or sensitive populations, such as poor or children or youth. We believe that the levy or increase in VAT on all tobacco products / materials will support the to prevent new initiation into tobacco use and to encourage smokers to quit. “Bhavna Mukhopadhyay, executive director of the Association of Voluntary Health India, said the upcoming budget of the Union all tobacco containing products should be subject to a high level of excise duty and VAT” to save the next generation of health. If the tax on tobacco goes up, government revenues will increase, while spending on health will go down. Today, tobacco products are affordable and easily accessible to minors. ”
Experts say that the taxes on tobacco products in India falls well below the level recommended by the World Bank – from 65% to 80% off the retail price. Taxes on beedis is very low, averaging only 9% of the retail price, whereas taxes on cigarettes account for about 38% of the retail price. About 5,500 people take tobacco in the day. It is believed that a tax increase as a percentage of the retail price of 7% to 33% beedis and from 43% to 58% on cigarettes leads to a conservative 14 million smokers to quit and 27 million children never start. This will save 69000000 years of healthy life for the next 40 years.
The growth will also generate about Rs 73000000000, or an additional 1.2% of government revenue. A study conducted by the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy in 2010, showed that the impact on the health of 52.8% price increase will be 4.6 million beedi prevent premature mortality among smokers and generate Rs 36.9 billion for the government. The increase in cigarette prices by 158% to prevent additional 1.8 million premature deaths among smokers and generate 146.3 billion rupees.
More than 120 million Indians smoke tobacco and 10% of the world’s smokers live in India. Almost a third of Indians – 57% of men and 11% of all women – consume some form of tobacco products, and many use more than one type of tobacco products. Beedis are the most popular tobacco products in India. Beedis accounts for almost 85% of the total number of smoked tobacco in India. By volume, cigarettes account for less than 15% of all tobacco smokers, but account for nearly 85% of the taxes on tobacco products.

Oklahoma tobacco endowment funds should not be used to improve the smoking bill

Back when smoking was common and considered cool, luxury hotels in the print templates updated Sands lobby ashtrays.
Back in 1999, when the state demanded cash from Big Tobacco, the lines were drawn in the sand. Either it was a well-deserved retribution for the disgraced industry or political gain in court by lawyers.
Officially, it was a way for the government to return the portion of health care costs associated with smoking. The fact that it also bore the adaptability to support the noble cause is now water under the bridge across the creek sand.
States have received their money from the Settlement Agreement Master, attended by hundreds of billions of dollars to pay the government back for the fact that attorneys general have argued was the contribution of tobacco use in Medicaid claims. The politically connected law firms have collected tens of millions of dollars in fees for cases that never went to court. And, as is likely to be fairly recent calculation of the mortgage, the state has not used all the money as advertised.
However, Oklahoma has done better than most: The settlement funds were eventually directed to the contribution that makes investments designed to earn interest to pay for health programs.
Line in the sand is, however, when the money is used to influence specific legislation. Integrity compromised the development of policy into propaganda commercials.
House Bill 2267 would allow cities to regulate smoking in such a way that exceeds the proper regulation of the state. The policy itself – giving local authorities greater freedom to restrict smoking – it was good. The use of taxpayers’ money for advertising in support of this bill crosses the line. Funding for smoking cessation in terms of what the trust should be done. The same applies to public awareness campaigns about the dangers of smoking, especially those aimed at young people. But the campaign goes beyond that.
The lines clearly drawn on the issue. Neither party should expect to get help from taxpayers to lobby for or against the bill.
We expect the health commissioner Terry Cline to speak in support of smoking restrictions. But what if he turned part of his agency’s budget on advertising to defeat the bill, he did not like, only when the bill reached the critical point?
We are not trying to eradicate the image in the sand here, saying the trust must keep your posts benign. Or the fact that the opponents of HB 2267 should receive an equal amount of public funds. But when this policy is to promote, no matter how popular or how noble, cross the line in the life of public duty? Sands of opinion about smoking did not change. Smoking is more disgraced than ever, but the fight to reduce tobacco use should be continued. It should continue without any taxpayer funding, to get a particular bill was passed.
We assume that the legislators were ready to vote for a bill to put a city sales tax on the state itself is not taxed. If taxpayers are to fund an advertising campaign for or against the bill? No.
This practice should be eradicated before it goes further.
 

Hawaii diverts millions in tobacco settlement funds

A report is due out later this week in the U.S. doctor who is expected to criticize the government, which diverted tobacco funds settlement to balance their budgets.
Although Hawaii is not expected to be one of the main offenders, hundreds of millions of dollars have been used for other purposes not related to smoking programs and public awareness campaigns.
“It’s very shortsighted when we start to use these funds only to balance the budget, rather than putting them in a strategic prevention programs,” said Deborah Zysman, executive director of the Coalition for a Tobacco-Free Hawaii, a nonprofit organization that receives funding tobacco settlement of their activities.
With the master settlement was signed in 1999, Hawaii received $ 536,727,359 from the tobacco industry. Of which $ 71794848 was canceled to prevent and control tobacco trust fund money to the bank’s anti-smoking programs and public service announcements. But the lion’s share of tobacco settlement, $ 464,932,511 of state legislators was diverted for other purposes.
“We understand there are other priorities and other issues, and legislators have a tough job,” said Lola Irvin, tobacco state settlement of the Project Manager. “Many other states have gone so far as to then take all the money and send them for other purposes.”
Irwin points out that most of the nearly $ 465 million in tobacco settlement funds diverted went worth causes. Legislators use most of the money to build the John A. Burns School of Medicine in Kakaako and finance day-to-day operations at the school. Other uses include funding for the program at the State Department of Health, as well as capitalizing on a rainy day fund of the state.
However, in 2011, the legislature passed a bill that would divert all of $ 6 million, which were deposited in the fund tobacco prevention. Instead, the money is used to help balance the general fund of the state in tough economic cycles. But if the money continues to be distracted, tobacco fund could run dry within four years. The Fund has a current balance of $ 45 million, but the average Hawaii spends $ 7 million to $ 8 million a year on anti-smoking programs.
“So now we’re just diving into that savings account, basically what it is,” said Zysman. “We live in turbulent times like that are unfortunate, because we know that tobacco prevention programs work.”
In addition to the diversion of funds to other purposes, the share of tobacco settlement funds, designed for smoking cessation programs continues to decline. Initially, 25 percent of monies received in Hawaii from the tobacco industry have been allocated for the Prevention and Tobacco Control Foundation Trust. In 2002, lawmakers lowered the rate to 12.5 percent. In 2007 it was lowered again to 6.5 percent. In 2015, the percentage is set to return to 12.5 percent, but nothing is guaranteed. “Its income that is looked at,” said Irwin.
To date, Hawaii anti-smoking programs have been extremely successful. From 2000 to 2009 the number of students who smoke has fallen from 12,000 to 5,500. Meanwhile, adult smokers has declined from a peak of 187,900 in 2002 to 154,000 in 2009.
Anti-smoking advocates say that the type of success can be achieved only if a significant amount of money is still available. “We need to keep the case, because the industry is not going away,” said Zysman.
Although the tobacco settlement should go to infinity, Irvine compares it to a tree with many branches. She said that the warning Tobacco Control Trust Fund and the barrel, and if it’s cut, much of the progress of the state will be lost.

New tobacco shop rolls into town

When he was 18 years old, James Jarbo was fresh out of school and began working in the Detroit tobacco shop owned by a local family.
He spent nearly ten years of study of the tobacco trade, and about five years ago, he decided that he wanted to run his way. He and his brother, Randy worked together to make this happen. “I love this job,” said James Jarbo. “I love being in the tobacco business.”
Now he is what the business that he was well-Battle Creek-Kalamazoo area, filling the empty Columbia Avenue store with a new commercial enterprise Promote the roll of his own philosophy, Jarbo brothers new tobacco Shoppe opened in late February at 205 W. Columbia Street., At the site of the former Great Bagels Apple.
The answer to the shop already had a “big,” said James Jarbo. “People find us.” Indeed, in a generous store Saturday, a double entrance parking lot seemed to be buzzing with cars pulling in quick succession. The store will be opening soon, although no date has been set, Jarbo said.
Jarbo brothers live in Jackson, where they work similar to the socket. The third store in Adrian and brothers already have their views on the Kalamazoo, where they plan to open a fourth store on South Westnedge Avenue in June.
After searching the area, Jarbo said he “loved the area” around Battle Creek, and believed that the city could support what he sees as a unique business focus on a roll your own tobacco, cigars and specialty tobacco products, including lighters, humidors and ashtrays.
“There is not such a store in Battle Creek or Kalamazoo,” he said, arguing that “the cheapest prices in town, and customer service is very friendly.” The idea is to offer smokers a way to burn less of their cash, cigarettes and cigars prices continue to challenge their wallets.
First time clients, Steve and Sherry Heffel in Battle Creek claims Jarbo gave a nod to the fast during their first visit on Saturday. “There’s a great choice here,” said Heffel. “Prices are much better.”
Heffel said he was a regular buyer of loose tobacco, cigars, pipes, and stopped at the new store, to check its stock. “I’ll be back,” he said, adding that it saves money, rolling his own smokes.
“So, you can do it at 90 cents per pack,” he said. “It’s a big savings.” Jarbo agreed with the assessment, saying the majority of pre-packaged cigarettes are sold at prices ranging from $ 7 to $ 8.
The store also caters to people who prefer their tobacco in other forms – or even want to avoid it at all at the same time enjoy a tobacco-ish experience.
The window display includes a variety of hookahs and pipes, and a showcase of well-equipped with the elements of production of green smoke, which produces “electronic cigarettes” for the production of tobacco aroma without actually plug of tobacco.
Jarbo said Green Smoke cartridges provide smoking, as an experience, which is about eight or nine packs of cigarettes worth nearly $ 15 – without the risk of adverse effects associated with tobacco.
Already in place of glass humidor room, climate control to protect the contents of aromatic cigars at home. Adjacent open space is currently being prepared in the cigar lounge, and will soon be submitted comfortable chairs, coffee products, and entertainment programs on television.
Those who have never rolled their own cigarettes can get a full demonstration by the staff of the store with the use of mechanical equipment for sale there. Store does not sell the materials for rolling cigars, however.
In addition to the equipment, decorative items and branded cigars and cigarettes, the store stocks 20 varieties of tobacco, Jarbo said. And what is the most popular variety – one that matches what is used in leading brands of cigarettes? Do not you know? With a smile, Jarbo said it was a brand called “Good Stuff”.

Cook County raises tobacco taxes

The cost of smoking has always been high, but this week in Cook County, prices have risen even higher.
Taxes on cigars snuff and loose smokeless tobacco has increased within the policy carried out on Thursday. Large cigars will levy a 25 percent tax and taxes on cigars will increase by less than 5 cents. Smokeless tobacco will be 30 per cent tax per ounce.
In the County Council approved a tax increase on tobacco products as part of its budget in 2012 and hopes to raise more than $ 9 million. While income is likely to be welcome financial boost for the county, some still complain that more money will not be on the prevention of tobacco use.
“Illinois in a lot of financial problems right now, and in this case, prevention programs are one of the first things that you can cut,” said Lisa Currie, Director of the North-West health and wellness. “It’s sad, but it is not uncommon.”
Although some universities have received government funds for the implementation of measures to prevent smoking, NU did not receive the same assistance from the State of Illinois. Kerry said, because OU is a private university, the state does not directly provide funding for smoking initiatives.
Although NU has not received any funding from the State of Illinois right, Kerry said the state funds allocated to Evanston Department of Health has gone partly to the benefit of OU students who want to quit smoking.
Department of Health Community Intern Lindsey Kreutzer said the department received money from the Illinois Tobacco Free grant. Among the grant recipients to get rid of this habit, a program that provides free nicotine patches for smokers who want to quit smoking, Kreutzer said.
Since the program began in November, Kreutzer said to get rid of the habit of people allowed picking up nicotine patches in Lorraine H. Morton Civic Center. However, Curry said NU Health Service works with the EHD to the patches on the Searle Hall.
“We’re still working with the details and we do not have patches in your hands, but I think in the next quarter we will have what happened,” Curry said.
Despite the availability of services to break the habit, Kerry said OU students do not make much use of modern tobacco cessation program of the University, which consists of the six-hour sessions. She added that several students he sees on the verge of completion.
“Many students smoke so rarely that they do not really see this as a problem, but sometimes it won’t really sticks,” said Kerry.
Communication junior Agata Bogucka smokes, but she said that she thinks she will leave the habit, when she finishes college.
“It’s definitely not what I intend to do the rest of my life, so when I’m out there trying to get a real job (I throw),” she said. “As soon as your body starts getting older, he can not handle the same, too. Now I’m young, but after a few years, my lungs begin to hate me.”
But Kerry said the output is usually a difficult feat to achieve and may take six or seven attempts to complete successfully. She said that it was important; the government is doing everything possible to provide funding for prevention programs.
“I think they should always do more, because it is the efforts we’ve seen a lot of success (in) the past two decades,” she said. “There’s still some work to be done, but most people agree that smoking is bad for you. If I had the hands of the people some tools to work in the future, then this is a partial victory, even if they have not given up yet.”

Tobacco law plan botched

An active campaign for a leading manufacturer of tobacco has seen almost two and a half years of effort to roll out the “hard” anti-tobacco situation in Bangladesh, like smoke.
Ministry of Health is ready to place the draft amendment to the law of 2005 December 19 meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, after obtaining permission from the Ministry of Finance and other organizations. But he was not raised, and the plan was just shocked.
A deputy secretary, Azam-e-Sadat, who was assigned with the task, later said the finance ministry eventually recalled the draft.
Digging into the reasons which prompted the Finance Ministry to recall a project that they have approved in July last year, bdnews24.com found that British American Tobacco Bangladesh (BATB), apparently convinced that the finance minister just a day before the meeting of the Cabinet retreat.
According to an official of the Ministry of Finance, the delegation of the multinational tobacco giant has met the Minister Abu Maal Abdul Muhith and handed him a letter, a copy of which is to bdnews24.com.
The letter claimed that the government would lose income if the law was passed.
The Minister in a note on the letter BATB told the National Board of Revenue chairman to look into it immediately. Muhith also asked who initiated the amendments made.
The Minister can not be reached immediately for comment.
But anti-tobacco campaign, said pressure from the tobacco companies was not unexpected. “It’s part of our struggle”, Taifur Rahman, coordinator of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, told bdnews24.com.
He said that, if passed, the draft amendment would be “great.” “But it does not reduce government revenue collection immediately. It will take years,” he said, arguing that people will not give up the habit quickly because by law.
He urged the intervention of the Prime Minister, in this case.
BATB in a letter stated that they pay for Tk 73300000000 revenues each year and, in conjunction with local manufacturers of cigarettes, “thousands of people to work.
But experts say that the loss of jobs in the tobacco industry was not caused by actions on tobacco control, but also the companies increase their efforts to the mechanization of production to rise and save money on improving efficiency and reducing payments to farmers.
Dr Sohel Reza Choudhury, organizing secretary of the United Forum for Tobacco Control, a group of doctors, said that the World Health Organization in 2004 estimated that Bangladesh spend twice the money it receives from the tobacco manufacturers for the treatment of tobacco-related diseases.
He said that such diseases cause nearly 57,000 deaths and 382,000 disabled people in Bangladesh It takes time to come,” he said.
Chairman of the Forum, Professor of National Dr. Abdul Malik, said: “invisible hand” has always been active, to prevent the process to implement strict anti-smoking law.
“We must work together to conquer our opponents strengths (tobacco companies),” he said, adding that the law was “essential to ensure public health security.
For Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2009, the latest available data, at least 41.3 million people aged over 15 used tobacco in the smoke or smokeless form in Bangladesh. The number was 32.3 million in 2007.
The calculations show 5400000000000 cigarettes consumed in developing countries are about 70 percent of total world consumption of tobacco.
According to experts, tobacco use has declined in developed countries, but increased in developing countries due to weak legislation on tobacco control.
The World Health Organization says “Very poor” families in countries such as Bangladesh, Indonesia, Mexico and Egypt, spend up to 15 percent of their income to purchase tobacco products.
 

Roll-your own tobacco shop owners like the expense of broadening the tax

Customer’s tobacco Mizer save the equivalent of $ 30 carton of cigarettes, tobacco free buying and hollow tube, and then rent a car that rolls his cigarettes.
“Each client has its own mix,” said Bob Mizer, owner of the store. “We have eight different types of tobacco here, and they can mix and blend to meet what they want.”
Ready-made cigarettes are cheap because they are not subject to the same state and federal taxes, as well as with companies that are considered producers in accordance with the laws of the State of Arizona.
Mizer said that this setup allows its operation and others like it to compete with the tobacco store Indian reservations, where customers pay less excise taxes.
That’s why Mizer and others roll their own store to say a bill moving the state legislature would be a mortal blow.
HB 2717, authored by Rep. Jim Weiers, R-Phoenix, would be classified as an enterprise with a cigarette in the mills as producers and subject them to the same regulations and taxes are the companies that make finished cigarettes.
House Commerce Committee approved the bill Feb. 15 to 5.3 votes, sending it to the full house in the form of the Rules Committee.
Mizer said the loss of tax benefits would be only part of the problem, if the bill becomes law.
If he had been classified as a producer, he will be obliged to obtain a state license production. However, those seeking a state license must first obtain a federal license to manufacture, and with that comes a ban on selling directly to customers in the area where they produce cigarettes.
Mizer said that they have no choice but to denial of his three rolling machines, which together cost him about $ 100,000. And because his business depends heavily on them, he said that the need to close and put his 13 employees out of work.
“It’s like a Catch-22,” said Mizer. “You say that we are manufacturers, but we can not obtain a license. We’re going out of business if this bill passes.”
This is not the first attempt to classify the retail roll your own car manufacturers. In 2010, the U.S. Department of Treasury Alcohol and tobacco tax and trade bureau issued a decree calling, but a federal court in Ohio granted the injunction in response to a lawsuit RYO Machine Rental LLC, which sells and rents out a roll of their own machines.
Jeffrey Burd, a lawyer representing the Ohio RYO Machine Rental, told lawmakers that he found the time this bill strange, given that a hearing on the suit of his company is scheduled for April.
Machines used a roll your own tobacco shops are not comparable with the machines used in major cigarette manufacturers, Burd, adding that it would take tobacco stores 16 hours of the camp to as many cigarettes as the car manufacturer is in a minute.
“It’s just a situation where the cigarette manufacturers would like to take comfort from the” add your own “clients, because they prefer that their product was purchased,” said Byrd.
John Mangum, a lawyer representing Altria Group, formerly known as Philip Morris Company Inc, which manufactures cigarettes under brands including Marlboro, told the committee that without the law customers migrate to stores such as in the Mizer. This would reduce the revenue of $ 1.01 per pack federal tax producers and $ 2 for the tax status of the package manufacturer, he said.
Parts and taxes will be spent on anti-smoking programs.
“It is not clear tax advantages”, Mangum said. “What we’re trying to do is to restore what we would call a level playing field.”
Byrd said the machine shop of tobacco does not cause people to roll their own cigarettes, but this is only for the convenience of people who have been rolling their own cigarettes for less efficient cars at home.
“There is no tax loophole,” he said.
Groups joining Altria Group in support of the signing of the bill include Reynolds American Inc, Arizona retail cigar associations and associations of America.
Groups joining RYO rental Car Company and owners of shops, including Mizer, in opposing the bill included Goldwater Institute, an independent watchdog group that promotes limited government and free enterprise.
In voting for the bill, Weiers said the issue boils down to making sure that no business has an unfair advantage when it comes to taxes.
“This is a very touchy issue with me because it goes to the very nerve that I believe that when it comes to taxes and how stupid people are” Weiers said.
Reps. Rick Gray, R-Sun City, Bob Robson, R-Chandler, and JD Mesnard, R-Chandler, voted against the bill.
“If I go out and rent all the equipment necessary to do landscaping, it makes me landscaper? All this really makes sense,” said Robson.