tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.


Senecas to stop selling cigarettes that fail to meet fire safety standards

Cigarettes that fail to meet fire-safe standards will no longer be sold by Seneca Nation smoke shops, a change that likely will affect millions of cigarettes sold each year by the several hundred Indian retailers operating on the tribe’s reservations.

The new edict, approved by the Seneca Tribal Council, comes a week after The Buffalo News, as part of an examination on the dramatic growth of Indian-produced cigarette sales, reported that at least nine Indianmade cigarette brands do not appear to meet the state’s fire-safety standards.

“The Seneca Nation recognizes its responsibility to sell the safest possible products and this decision was an easy one,” President Barry E. Snyder Sr. said in a statement Tuesday. “Thanks to the council’s action, this now has the force of law.”

In 2004, New York became the first state to begin mandating that any cigarette sold be self-extinguishing after a certain period of time as a way to reduce the number of smoking- related fires. Since then, a growing number of states have begun similar requirements.

At least nine Indian brands are not on New York’s list of approved fire-safe cigarettes. The state, however, has not made any attempt to halt the sales of those not on the list.

A group connected to the American Cancer Society praised the decision as a benefit to public health, but said the Seneca Nation, the kings of tax-free cigarette sales, needs to negotiate to halt those sales. Officials have estimated the state is losing at least $1 billion a year to tax-free cigarette sales, and health groups say the low-priced cigarettes help keep more people smoking, especially teens.

“Assuming it adopts the New York standard, today’s announcement is a positive step by the Seneca Nation, and other tribes should follow suit,” said Russ Sciandra, director of the Center for a Tobacco Free New York.

“The next step is to engage in serious discussions to end the sale of cheap cigarettes. Far more people are dying because of the availability of untaxed cigarettes than are injured in cigarette-caused fires,” he added.

Indian-produced cigarettes purchased by The Buffalo News, as well as those examined by researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, do not appear to contain special paper bands that act as fire-stoppers on each cigarette. Wholesalers recently said the special paper can add 70 cents to the price of a carton of cigarettes.

The Seneca Tribal Council said it joined 37 states that have approved fire-safe cigarette standards.

The tribe’s Import-Export Commission, which regulates tobacco products on its lands, will be in charge of ensuring that only fire-safe cigarettes are imported and sold by Seneca smoke shops and online retailers. The law also applies to cigarettes made on Seneca reservation land; sources recently said two cigarette manufacturing plants currently are operating on the Seneca reservations and two more are on the way.

Apparently for sovereignty reasons, the edict does not mandate that the cigarettes also be approved by the state Department of State, which maintains New York’s fire-safety cigarette list. More than 1,400 cigarette products are on the state list.

Instead, the Seneca sellers must certify that any cigarettes sold meet already-approved fire-safety standards as set by the American Society of Testing and Materials. The new rule states that no cigarettes may be imported or manufactured within the Seneca Nation territories after Sept. 1 unless fire-safe standards are met.

Violators can be banned from selling cigarettes, the Seneca Nation said.

“Clearly the Seneca Nation endorses standards that ensure public safety and will minimize the risk to consumers,” said Tribal Council Chairman Richard Nephew.

Sales of Indian-produced cigarettes have been booming in recent years, The Buffalo News reported last week, fueled by cheap prices, aggressive marketing and deals with Indian tribes across the nation acting as distributors. In Western New York, three brands sold as Indian cigarettes on Web sites and smoke shops have gone from less than one percent of brands bought regularly by smokers in 2006 to 21 percent in 2008, a recent Roswell Park study found.

Source: Buffalonews

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