tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.


Smokefree law has support of smokers

Health campaigners are urging MPs to extend smokefree laws after a survey found strong support from smokers.

In a poster displayed at an Indian conference, New Zealand university researchers showed that a majority of smokers surveyed expressed support for a range of measures to increase the control of tobacco.

These included banning retail tobacco displays (60 per cent support); extending smokefree laws to outdoor eating areas (78 per cent) and council playgrounds (68 per cent); and increasing tobacco tax (59 per cent) as long as the extra revenue was used to promote healthy lifestyles, including helping smokers who want to quit.

Labour MP Iain Lees-Galloway wants to introduce a bill to ban retail displays - after the National-led Government refused to do so and cited lack of evidence of a direct link to reduced smoking rates. The Government, however, said it would consider supporting any new initiatives proven to reduce tobacco use significantly.

The health select committee said last year that Iceland’s reduction in smoking of 3.8 percentage points from 2001 to 2005, the largest drop in Europe, could not be attributed solely to the banning of display units, because the measure was part of a comprehensive tobacco control programme.

One of the poster’s authors, Dr Nick Wilson, a senior lecturer at Otago University, Wellington, said yesterday that smokers’ views on where they wanted smoking bans imposed were “nuanced”.

While almost all supported outlawing smoking in cars with preschoolers, nearly 90 per cent opposed banning it in the outdoor seating areas of pubs. And despite more than half supporting increasing taxes if they went into health promotion and quit-smoking schemes, a majority had said existing taxes on tobacco were too high.

The poster said the possible adverse effects of additional tax increases on the poor had been a political obstacle to their adoption.

But the findings of the Health Ministry-commissioned survey of 1376 smokers made a dedicated tax for quit-support and health promotion “more achievable”.

“Higher support for dedicated tax revenue by the more deprived smokers indicates that smokers’ desire for quitting support outweighs short-term financial self-interest.”

At present the excise tax on tobacco is around $6 for a $10 pack of 20 cigarettes. It is increased annually in line with the consumer price index.

But anti-smoking groups, including Dr Murray Laugesen’s Smokeless NZ, want additional excise tax increases - and an even greater increase for roll-your-own tobacco, because its harm per cigarette is as great as that of factory-rolled cigarettes, despite being thinner and consequently incurring less excise tax.

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