tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cheap cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.


Zimbabwe’s tobacco production may decline 40% this year

Zimbabwe’s official tobacco harvest may fall as much as 40 percent to 42 million kilograms this year as destitute farmers sell the leaf illegally, the government’s Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board said.

The southern African nation last year produced an estimated 70 million kilograms of tobacco leaf. The exact size of the crop may be difficult to measure because destitute farmers are selling their leaf on the black market, Andrew Matibiri, chief executive officer of the board, said in a phone interview from the capital, Harare, today.

“The practice is illegal, but some farmers are desperate because they’re facing challenges,” said Matibiri. Under Zimbabwean law, tobacco can only be sold on auction or to licensed merchants.

Farmers are selling tobacco for as little as $1 a kilogram, compared with an average price of $3.20 a kilogram last year, the marketing board chief said. The southern African nation produces flue-cured tobacco that rivals the U.S. for quality.

Tobacco production in Zimbabwe has plummeted since 2000, when President Robert Mugabe authorized the often-violent seizure of most white-owned farms. That year, the country produced 236 million kilograms of tobacco, making it the world’s second-largest exporter after Brazil. Since then Zimbabwe has slumped to the world’s sixth-largest exporter after Brazil, India, the U.S., the European Union and Argentina.

Last month, supporters of Mugabe invaded at least 77 white- owned commercial farms and threatened other landowners, according to Doug Taylor-Freeme, president of the Commercial Farmers Union. The eviction campaign threatened the livelihoods of about 100 farmers along with about $140 million worth of crops, he said in an interview Feb. 24.

Zimbabwe’s tobacco selling season will begin in April and traditionally runs until mid-October. The crop is usually the country’s top export earner.

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