Daily Archives: April 20, 2009

Smokin’ Soldiers: A $3.7 million videogame aims to curb tobacco use in the military

Tobacco use among active-duty military personnel is almost double what it is in the civilian population, and while smoking has decreased overall in the U.S., it’s been on the rise in the military since 2002. To change that, the Department of Defense (DoD) is looking to…videogames?

Manufacturers release tons of pharmaceuticals into US water supplies

U.S. manufacturers, including major drugmakers, have legally released at least 271 million pounds of pharmaceuticals into waterways that often provide drinking water - contamination the federal government has consistently overlooked, according to an Associated Press investigation.

Text size: increase text sizedecrease text size Bar savors permission to smoke

They’ve become a rarity in Maryland bars, but on Tuesday afternoon they filled the Crossroads Inn in Keymar: smokers, lighting up and puffing away without shame or trepidation.

Government Bill 48 - Purely anti-business legislation threatening public health, public safety and public accountability

New Brunswick's Health Minister,
the Hon. Michael Murphy, has recently proposed legislation that would come to
ban the sale of flavoured tobacco products in the province. Focused on the
perceived threat of flavoured cigarillos in the marketplace, Bill 48 (An Act
to Amend the Tobacco Sales Act) is unfortunately void of any meaningful or
real understanding of the products, the market and/or the industry in
question. Bill 48, which is currently up for Second Reading in the Legislature
- is completely leveraged on what is arguably tantamount to a serious
misrepresentation of the facts.
    "The push to ban flavoured little cigars / cigarillos is an orchestrated
attack spearheaded by a handful of anti-tobacco extremist groups in Canada,
that have since found unsuspecting support and leverage among well-meaning but
critically misinformed youth organizations, national health agencies and
politicians across the country", says Luc Martial (in charge of government
affairs with Casa Cubana and formerly with the Non-Smokers' Rights
Association, the Canadian Council on Smoking and Health, the National
Clearinghouse on Tobacco and Health, and the Tobacco Control Programme at
Health Canada). "These attacks are purely about hate, not health - about fear,
not fact", says Mr. Martial. "From a rational, expert-based tobacco control
standpoint, banning flavoured little cigars / cigarillos is simply
ill-conceived public health policy that will likely come to cause greater,
irrevocable harm to our society. This is a minors' access issue, not a product
design issue". More to the point, international health authorities have long
argued that "prohibition", the banning of legal product and/or supply-side
interventions have never had any proven effective impact on reducing minors'
access to age-restricted (e.g. alcohol, gambling, tobacco) and or illegal
products (marijuana, cocaine, etc.).
    As importantly, at a time in our history when legitimate jobs and
government revenues are at a premium, any politician or government that would
propose anti-business legislation based on less than all of the facts is
simply acting in a publicly irresponsible, unaccountable and detrimental
    In terms of some actual facts about little cigars / cigarillos, the use
of flavours in tobacco and the market in New Brunswick:
    - There are thousands of different cigar products sold worldwide,
      manufactured in a multitude of shapes, sizes and packaging formats. The
      cigarillo is a longstanding and well recognized subcategory of
      traditional (large) cigars, well established within the international
      trade for more than half of a century.
    - The use of flavoring agents in tobacco dates back, in some instances,
      more than 100 years. Some historical examples identified through U.S.
      trademark registrations include: Apple (1905), Peach (1905), Wild
      Cherry (1910), Strawberry (1922), Butterscotch (1945), Mint and menthol
      (1971), Wild Blueberry (1971).
    - The exact same flavours found in little cigars / cigarillos sold in New
      Brunswick (and across Canada), which seem to be the point of contention
      and source of outrage among anti-tobacco groups and some politicians,
      are found in a much greater quantity and much wider variety of alcohol
      products approved for sale by the government of New Brunswick (and
      every other Canadian government). For example, the government of
      New Brunswick approves 19 different alcohol beverages for sale which
      are flavoured Strawberry; 7 different alcohol beverages which are
      flavoured Peach; 14 different alcohol beverages which are flavoured
      Raspberry; 7 different alcohol beverages which are flavoured Cherry; 12
      different alcohol beverages which are flavoured Grape and 3 different
      alcohol beverages which are flavoured Chocolate.
    - Flavoured cigarillos account for less than 0.5% of all tobacco products
      sold and consumed every year in Canada. They are regulated by the same
      federal and provincial laws which apply to every other tobacco product.
    - The Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey (CTUMS) - an annual survey
      conducted by Statistics Canada and Health Canada, and the best
      yardstick for measuring tobacco consumption and mapping smoking
      behavior in our country - clearly confirms that in New Brunswick, the
      vast majority (90%) of those who consumed a little cigar / cigarillo
      (plain or flavoured) in the last 30 days were of legal age to do so;
      the vast majority (80%) were over the age of 20 and the majority (60%)
      were over the age of 25. To suggest that this is a product that was
      designed to target children and/or which only children would ever
      consume (because of the flavours) is simply unjustified.
    - Are minors getting illegal access to flavoured cigarillos?
      Unfortunately, yes. But it is important to note that these minors are
      getting much greater illegal access to (non-flavoured) cigarettes,
      gambling and alcohol products - yet no one is calling for a ban on any
      of these products as a way to stop kids from consuming them.
    The government's proposal to arbitrarily ban flavoured little
cigars/cigarillos is completely irresponsible because:
    1. The government has never undertaken any comprehensive research on (1)
       what specific products are actually being consumed by minors (whether
       they are flavoured or plain; which specific flavours they consume,
       etc.); (2) in which packaging formats they are being
       purchased/obtained; (3) in what quantities/frequencies they are being
       consumed and/or (4) where these products are being accessed (source of
    2. The government has not publicly identified any specific health
       objective which will supposedly be achieved by banning these flavoured
       products and has not committed to monitoring the impact of such a ban
       on youth uptake / smoking.
    3. Banning these products would have no effective impact on minors'
       access to tobacco products. More to this point, health authorities and
       governments have long argued the ineffectiveness of banning legal
       tobacco products - especially as it pertains to addressing minors'
       access issues.
    4. Banning these products would actually fuel demand on the growing black
       market - encouraging an environment in which much more, much cheaper
       and less controlled tobacco products would eventually find their way
       into the hands of the very kids the government says it wants to
    5. Banning these products would come to throw away millions of dollars in
       current legitimate government revenues - by essentially granting
       exclusive market control of these flavoured products to a waiting
       underground network. According to the RCMP, the underground network
       services 30% - 50% of the domestic tobacco market in Canada. Of
       relevance to this matter, law enforcement agencies across Canada have
       long ago acknowledged that they cannot stop, let alone control this
       network. Recent information released by the RCMP clearly confirms that
       the illicit tobacco trade presents a serious threat to public safety
       and health in Canada. According to the RCMP, there are currently 105
       organized crime groups of various levels of sophistication known to be
       involved in contraband tobacco. More troubling is that 69% of these
       criminal networks are also involved in drug trafficking (marijuana /
       cocaine) and/or weapons trafficking. 30% of these criminal groups,
       according to the RCMP, are also known to have violent tendencies.
    6. Banning these products would have no impact on those individuals
       currently breaking the law in New Brunswick by furnishing tobacco
       products to kids (e.g. black market, friends, family members, peers).
    7. Banning these products would undermine the rights of legitimate
       business operators across New Brunswick who have been responsibly
       servicing the legal age market - and who have every financial
       incentive to ensure that kids do not get access to these products.
    8. Banning these products would undermine the rights of tens of thousands
       of legal age consumers who have made the decision to consume these
       legal tobacco products.
    The pressing issue before us, if this is indeed the case, is one of
product access, not product design, pricing or packaging. A more measured,
justified, effective and accurate response would be to:
    1. Request that Health Canada (through CTUMS) specifically and
       comprehensively surveys the market for flavoured tobacco products in
       Canada. This necessary data could then be accountably reviewed and
       analyzed by the government of New Brunswick - in support of truly
       meaningful, effective and fair policy consideration;
    2. Introduce a youth possession law in New Brunswick (as currently exists
       in the provinces of Alberta and Nova Scotia). Strict fines and
       penalties would either be issued to minors (directly) or to legal
       guardians and parents. A youth possession law, as an integral
       component to the province's tobacco control strategy, is sorely
       needed. Such a law would lend credibility and communicate a
       sustainable message to kids and parents. More to this point, such a
       law would penalize those parents who currently condone their
       children's involvement in breaking the law (i.e. illegally acquiring
       tobacco) and would empower those legal guardians and parents who wish
       to effectively end their child's access to such products; and
    3. Develop youth-specific education campaigns on the subject of access to
       tobacco and smoking - that would equally address the issue of parental
       consent, and illegal supply sources (e.g. friends, family, peers).
    Established in 1998, Casa Cubana is a Montreal-based importer of premium
and value brand cigar products across Canada. With more than 450 cigar
products in its catalogue, the company services over 10,000 direct retail
clients across the country. In New Brunswick, Casa Cubana has more than 230
wholesale/retail partners. Casa Cubana is the exclusive distributor of Prime
Time flavoured cigarillos.
Source: Cnw

Syrians spend US$600 million a year on tobacco

Syrian smokers spend $US600 million, or eight percent of their income, on their habit. They consume the equivalent of 3.6 kg of tobacco per person every year according to a study by the Syrian Centre for Tobacco Studies.

Going Against the Trend, Nevada Lawmakers Consider Easing the State’s Ban on Smoking

The Nevada Senate voted 16 to 5 on Friday to advance a measure that would soften a statewide smoking ban, putting the state on track to become the first in the nation to ease restrictions it had imposed on cigarette use in public spaces.