tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.


Ban respects rights of tribe and public

A legislative ban on casino smoking fully respects and recognizes tribal sovereignty, because both tribes have already agreed — as a condition in their state gaming compacts — to adopt Connecticut’s public health standards.

The compacts, negotiated in the 1990s, establish firm conditions — enforceable in federal court — that govern operation of the casinos. The tribes have agreed as sovereign nations to honor these conditions, or risk losing state liquor license and gambling rights.

Among the most significant requirements is that the tribes maintain health and safety standards “no less rigorous than standards generally imposed by the laws and regulations of the state relating to public facilities.”

The operative health standard is a 2003 law — one of the most profoundly important public health measures in recent history — prohibiting smoking in virtually all public places, including restaurants and bars.

The legislature is now prepared to extend our smoking ban to tribal casinos — the only present exceptions — to protect tens of thousands of patrons and employees exposed to deadly cancer-causing secondhand smoke every day.

The proposed smoking ban recognizes and respects public health — saving lives and medical treatment dollars — by stopping secondhand smoke, a proven killer.

The measure also respects and recognizes the economic realities — possible competition from other gambling venues — by implementing it in stages over a period of years.

The tribes have opposed this measure, even threatening to hold hostage hundreds of millions of dollars in slot revenue owed to Connecticut taxpayers. This move is deeply saddening — imperiling a long-standing positive and productive relationship between the tribes and the state.

No economic apocalypse will result from a smoking ban at the casinos — just as there was none at restaurants and bars. As a matter of fact, business there has increased because non-smokers — who constitute more than 80 percent of our society — can finally enjoy smoke-free environments.

While predicted economic harm from smoking bans has proven illusory, the dangers of secondhand smoke are real. Secondhand smoke kills. It causes all the same fatal and intensely painful, costly diseases as smoking itself.

I have been a strong and consistent advocate of banning smoking in public places for more than a decade. I have been proud to help lead national efforts, including our landmark legal battle, against Big Tobacco.

I recognize that public places on reservations belonging to federally recognized tribes have a different status under federal law and principles of tribal sovereignty. These principles of sovereignty in no way bar the state from prohibiting smoking because the tribes have voluntarily agreed in the compacts to adopt the state’s public health legal standards.

Installing smoking ventilation systems and adopting partial smoking bans as the tribes have suggested are inadequate because they fail to effectively protect patrons and employees from secondhand smoke, especially on the casino floors.

But the proposed ban permits — and I would welcome — a voluntary tribal law ban adopted by the tribes as sovereign measure and substitute for legislative prohibition.

Protecting employees from secondhand smoke should provide a financial incentive for the tribes — diminishing costs of employee sickness and medical treatment.

Many states, heeding economic incentives, are moving to ban smoking in gambling facilities. Massachusetts has stated that no smoking will be allowed in any tribal casinos authorized in that state. At least three tribes have voluntarily prohibited smoking in their casinos. In addition, Puerto Rico, Ontario, Quebec, the United Kingdom, France and Ireland all prohibit casino smoking.

I am hopeful that both tribes will rethink their resistance and responsibly protect their patrons and hard-working employees.

My office stands ready to enforce the clear terms of our compacts while respecting tribal sovereignty.

Source: Theday

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1 comment to Ban respects rights of tribe and public

  • Bob

    llinois is a good place to “study”. As can be clearly seen by those of us living near the state line over the last year, Illinois smokers have been giving the casinos, bars, and restaurants in surrounding states their full support and blessing with their feet and their money. Had the antis done the same as Illinois smokers have done by supporting the non smoking Illinois casinos (down over 20 percent), restaurants, and bars instead of ranting and raving, people might pay attention to them. As it stands, claims about bans not hurting businesses are falling on a lot of deaf ears. They need to put their money where their mouth is. The lobbyists are losing credibility everywhere they travel with their lies and deceit.

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