tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

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FGH to offer smoking cessation classes

Tricia Julian, the oncology education coordinator at Fairmont General Hospital, periodically has taught smoking-cessation classes at the facility, but the six-week session that begins May 6 will be a little different.

That’s because instead of being held at the hospital, the classes will be held at the new Fairmont General Hospital HealthPlex off exit 132 of Interstate 79.

Also, because of the holistic health benefit of the HealthPlex, a fitness center with rehabilitation and diagnostic offerings, Fairmont General officials have decided not only to make the HealthPlex campus smoke-free, but to become more stringent about smoking outside the hospital, as well.

Julian hopes that some of the people who take her class will be hospital workers who have been motivated by the reduced number of smoking locations in the hospital.

As of last Thursday, the smoking benches and ashtrays in the front of the hospital were removed and that area was made a no-smoking zone.

“People will not have to come through that cloud of smoke to get into the hospital,” she said.

In the past 20 years or so, Julian has seen the effects smoking has had on the health of the patients who wind up in the hospital.

“I’ve seen hundreds and hundreds of patients with lung cancer, and of those patients, 85-90 percent of those patients acquired lung cancer from smoking,” she said. “And people who think that pipes and cigars are safe or that smokeless tobacco is a safe alternative are wrong. Any form of tobacco can lead to cancer and heart disease.”

As someone who has been teaching smoking-cessation classes for several years, Julian also knows the addictive powers of nicotine.

“To give you an idea of the strength of the addiction, I’ve had people in my classes before who were former cocaine and heroin addicts who told me that quitting drugs was easier than quitting smoking,” she said. “So that’s a pretty profound testament to how addictive cigarettes are.”

The nicotine in cigarettes makes them addictive, she said. Numerous amounts of chemicals are what cause the cancer.

“Nicotine causes the constriction of blood vessels, but other chemical components are the agents that cause the cancer, and there is a very long list of those agents.”

Classes will begin at 6 p.m. May 6 and will be held at the HealthPlex. Classes will continue May 13, 20, 27, June 3 and 10.

Julian will teach the free class even to a small group, but she prefers to have at least five or six students because the interaction and support are key to quitting.

“I’ve done classes for one person if I think they are really interested in quitting,” she said. “It’s not the optimal way to do it because you don’t get the interaction with the other people. The more people there are the better the interaction seems to be.”

In addition to interacting with one another and supporting each other, students also talk about dealing with stress and how to overcome a bad time without reaching for a cigarette.

“The things that we teach people in trying to avoid that first cigarette when they are making their quit attempt is the four Ds — take a deep breath, drink lots of water, do something active and delay the urge to smoke,” Julian said. “Usually, the urge to smoke will last about 10 minutes. If they can get over that 10-minute period by distracting themselves, they can avoid that first cigarette.”

Julian’s own husband serves as a lesson in one way to avoid starting back up again.

“He had quit twice for a year and a half, and he started back both times,” she said. “He thought, ‘It’s been a year and a half and I have this under control. I’m going to have one after breakfast.’ Both times he started back up.”

Luckily, she said, their daughters went to him and said, “Please quit. We don’t want you to die,” and he finally kicked the habit cold turkey.

That’s also how one woman who has taken Julian’s classes did it when she quit nearly three months ago. The woman, an area schoolteacher who did not want her name used because she does not want her students to know she smoked, feels much better now that she has quit.

“I can breath a lot better,” she said. “I’ve always been into exercise, and I now even feel more fit.”

She also was starting to get bad colds that turned into bronchitis.

“The main thing is, your house doesn’t smell like smoke and your clothes don’t smell like smoke,” she said. “I have more money. I love everything about not smoking.”

After she quit, the federal tax on cigarettes went up from 39 cents to $1, which just made her feel even better about not smoking.

Julian recommends that students take a clear jar and fill it with the money they do not spend on cigarettes.

“A lot of times, that is a very good motivator for people,” Julian said. “They just don’t think about spending $3 or $6 a day. Especially if you have two or three people in the household and they are smoking a pack and half each day, it adds up. The annual cost is $2,000 to $3,000 a year for a pack a day.”

Julian’s student used Chantix, a prescription medication that reduces nicotine cravings, for a month while she quit smoking. Julian encourages her students to use that or gum or the patch if necessary.

Mike Sengewalt, interim CEO at Fairmont General, said that the decision to limit smoking areas at the hospital grew out of the decision to make the HealthPlex, which opened late last year, completely smoke-free.

“We’ve had these designated areas, but we got lax on enforcement,” he said. “We decided to go back to what we had put in place a little while ago and to enforce those policies. Our mission is to improve the health of the community.”

Now people only can smoke outside the cafeteria and near the entrance to the hospital’s laboratory.

“I  don’t think it will be bad for employees,” he said. “I think they were used to going to certain areas to smoke. I think it will more affect the visitors who would stop and smoke in front of the building.”

Source: Timeswv

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