tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco

NEVADA SUPREME COURT: Smoking ban foes air challenge

Opponents of Nevada’s smoking ban challenged the constitutionality of the 2006 law Monday before the state Supreme Court, arguing that it should be overturned because it is vague and unfairly targets small bars and taverns.

Challengers also said that a district judge should not have upheld the ban during a court fight several years ago. At issue is a ruling by District Judge Douglas Herndon that allowed the enactment of the smoking ban but threw out any criminal penalties people might face.
“This act started with the best intentions. But intentions cannot cure constitutional flaws,” said attorney Mark Ferrario, who argued against the ban on behalf of the Nevada Tavern Owners Association.

Challengers are fighting to overturn the law or have the flaws they cite corrected. The Supreme Court will issue its decision within 30 to 90 days.

Ferrario argued that the ban is too unclear and does not define exactly who can be fined for violating the law. Is it the person lighting up? The cocktail waitress who serves the patron? The bar owner? The landlord of the property?

It also does not define what is banned, he said. A can of soda, for example, could be considered “smoking paraphernalia” if a customer uses it as an ashtray.

To illustrate his point, Ferrario pulled out a cigar case and waved it in front of the Supreme Court justices.

“I have a cigar,” he said. “Some people would call this smoking tobacco. If this is smoking tobacco, I just violated the first section of the act because I brought this into a public facility.”

But authorities said that is the wrong way to look at it. The argument, they said, comes down to a better understanding of the English language. Simply put, the ban is not on the substance of tobacco but on the act of smoking tobacco, said Nancy Savage, senior deputy attorney general.

Voters passed the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act in 2006. It bans smoking in restaurants, grocery stores, bars that serve food and most places open to children. Casino gaming floors, strip bars and stand-alone bars are exempt.

Smokers violating the law can face a $100 civil fine.

Bar and tavern owners, as well as customers, have expressed anger and confusion over the law since it was enacted. To get around the ban, some bars spent tens of thousands of dollars building walls separating kitchens from bars or creating separate entities to deliver food to customers.

The arguments before the Supreme Court on Monday were similar to those Herndon heard in December 2006, when the District Court was tasked with hearing challenges to the law.

Bradley Scott Schrager, who represents Flamingo Paradise Gaming, took issue with Herndon’s ruling. He said the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act was sold to voters as one of the strictest smoking bans in the nation because it originally contained criminal penalties. When Herndon removed the criminal penalties, he essentially interpreted what voters wanted.

But it’s impossible to know whether voters would have wanted the criminal penalties taken out, Schrager said.

Authorities, however, argued that the law should not be overturned.

The law does three things: it prohibits people from smoking tobacco; it requires bar owners to post signs informing customers about the ban; and it orders bar owners to remove ashtrays and other smoking paraphernalia from the area, said Chief Deputy Attorney General Christine Guerci-Nyhus, who argued on behalf of the state.

Todd Bice, who represents the Nevada Resort Association, also argued in favor of the smoking ban. He said it’s acceptable to apply it to bars and taverns and not casinos because of the way the businesses are categorized.

Locations where the ban applies, such as grocery stores and restaurants, are places that families go to. Casinos, on the other hand, cater to tourists and conventioneers, he said.

Source: Lvrj

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