tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco

Progress is at Risk Unless the States Step Up Fight

The New England states have made significant progress in reducing smoking among both youth
and adults over the last 10 years, but every year a new generation of smokers take up the
deadly habit. In fact, each year, 58,500 New England kids try smoking for the first time and
another 17,300 New England kids become new regular daily smokers. One-third of them will
die prematurely as a result.1 We can prevent this.
The following factors have contributed significantly to declines in smoking since the tobacco
settlement:
. Tobacco prices increased sharply after the tobacco settlement as a result of the settlement
itself and state cigarette tax increases. The settlement led the major cigarette companies to
increase prices by more than $1.10 per pack between 1998 and 2000 (part of these
increases were used to pay the states, but about half of the price increases simply bolstered
profits). In addition, 44 states and the District of Columbia have raised cigarette tax rates 85
times since the settlement. The average state cigarette tax has increased from 39 cents per
pack in 1998 to $1.23 today. The average cigarette tax rate among the New England states
is $2.22 per pack; New Hampshire has the lowest rate at $1.33 per pack and Rhode Island
has the highest rate at $3.46 per pack.
· Funding for tobacco prevention and cessation programs increased significantly in the
immediate aftermath of the tobacco settlement. While still short of CDC-recommended
levels in most states, in New England, total state funding for these programs reached a high
of $77.7 million in fiscal year 2000. In addition, the settlement provided about $300 million a
year over five years to create a national foundation, the American Legacy Foundation, to
conduct national public education campaigns to reduce tobacco use. A substantial body of
research has demonstrated the effectiveness of both state tobacco prevention and
cessation programs and the American Legacy Foundation’s truth® national youth smoking
prevention campaign.†
· A growing number of states and communities have enacted strong smoke-free workplace
laws. In 1998, none of the New England states had a smoke-free law that applied to
restaurants and bars. Today, all New England states have a smoke-free law providing
protections from harmful secondhand smoke – and incentives to quit smoking – to most of
the New England population.
Unfortunately, we have failed to achieve greater progress in reducing tobacco use because we
have experienced large cuts to tobacco prevention programs, huge increases in tobacco
marketing and aggressive efforts by tobacco companies to discount cigarette prices:

· Between 2002 and 2005, New England states cut funding for tobacco prevention and
cessation programs by 66 percent, from $74.2 million to $25.3 million.* Nationally, the
American Legacy Foundation had to reduce its successful truth® campaign because most of
its tobacco settlement funding ended after 2003. While state spending for tobacco
prevention and cessation has increased slightly since 2005, state funding for tobacco
prevention programs is still less than half it was in 2000, when funding was at its peak.
These programs are again at risk as states face new budget shortfalls.
· While states cut funding for tobacco prevention, tobacco companies dramatically increased
marketing expenditures. From 1998 to 2005, tobacco marketing in the New England states
increased substantially from $332.0 million to $579.8 million, according to the most recent
data from the U.S. Federal Trade Commission.
· In recent years, the tobacco companies have increasingly concentrated their marketing
expenditures on price discounts, undermining efforts to reduce tobacco use through price
increases. Price discounts and promotions accounted for more than 80 percent of the $13.4
billion in nationwide tobacco marketing expenditures in 2005.3 There is a clear correlation
between cigarette prices and smoking trends. From 1997 to 2003, when national youth
smoking rates declined significantly, the average real (inflation adjusted) retail price of a
pack of cigarettes increased by 75 percent as a result of the tobacco settlement and tobacco
tax increases. Since 2003, the real price of cigarettes has actually declined slightly despite
state cigarette tax increases, and smoking declines have stalled.

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1 comment to Progress is at Risk Unless the States Step Up Fight

  • Bob

    The UK has a great plan for kids. They want to use all if it’s vacant pubs for teen bars. I sure they will be non smoking LOL

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