Daily Archives: May 19, 2009

Fewer Cigarettes but More Nicotine Intake

People differ from each other very much. They differ by hair and skin color and even by character and mood. Although the effects of smoking may be rather equal for everyone, African-American smokers are believed to have a greater risk of depending on it than smokers with white skin.
Researchers said that previous analysis on the issue has apparently demonstrated that nicotine may have a biochemical affinity for melanin (the color pigment in skin and hair). It was also found that although African-American smokers comparatively smoke lesser cigarettes, but they seem to have a greater intake of nicotine.
Gary King, professor of bio behavioral health, Penn State, said: “We have found that the concentration of melanin is directly related to the number of cigarettes smoked daily, levels of nicotine dependence, and nicotine exposure among African Americans.”
Researchers investigated 150 adult African-American smokers, for to see the smoking effect in black skin smokers. The main aim of this research was to verify the factors which linked nicotine exposure, tobacco use and skin pigmentation.
Every day, researchers counted the number of cigarettes smoked daily, and also measured the cotinine level of the subjects, because cotinine is believed to be the metabolic by-product of nicotine which could act as an indicator for tobacco use.
King explained: “The point of the study is that, if in fact, nicotine does bind to melanin, populations with high levels of melanin could indicate certain types of smoking behavior, dependence, and health outcomes that will be different from those in less pigmented populations. And the addiction process may very well be longer and more severe.”
At the end of the investigation, researchers found that the genetically acquired melanin and the amount acquired through sunlight may be linked with the daily number of smoked cigarettes. On the contrary, this link was not found when only the genetic amount of melanin was considered.
It was also pointed out that a larger evaluation needs to be considered on the topic before any concrete link may be administered between nicotine addiction and skin pigmentation.

Gov. Doyle: Makes Wisconsin smokefree

Governor Jim Doyle today signed legislation to make public places, including restaurants, taverns, and other indoor workplaces, smokefree. The Governor was joined at bill-signing events around the state today by business owners, health officials and smokefree Wisconsin advocates.

Cost of Cigarette Litter May Fall on San Francisco’s Smokers

In what he casts as an attack on litterbugs and nicotine addiction alike, Mayor Gavin Newsom wants to impose a fee on an age-old inhabitant of city streets: the cigarette butt.

Cigarettes may be more damaging to women

Women may be especially susceptible to the toxic effects of cigarette smoking, U.S. researchers said on Monday.

Study: Smoking bans do not causes job loss

Clean indoor air policies — bans on smoking — do not lead to a reduction in hospitality jobs, U.S. researchers found.

Calif. top court revives class action against tobacco industry

The California Supreme Court revived a major class action lawsuit against the tobacco industry Monday, ruling that smokers could hold it accountable for alleged deceptive advertising.

Altria Fails to Block California Smokers’ Lawsuit

Altria Group Inc., the maker of Marlboro cigarettes, and other tobacco companies lost a bid to block a group lawsuit claiming that they misled thousands of Californians about the dangers of smoking.

Doyle signs statewide smoking ban for bars, restaurants, workplaces

Gov. Jim Doyle signed a smoking ban Monday, making bars, restaurants and other workplaces smoke-free starting next summer.

Smoking Statistics Defy Conventional Wisdom

Ask bureaucrats about why there is discrepancy about the decreasing smoking rate and increasing tobacco consumption and you would, at least through a Sunday inquiry, receive a blank stare or improvised answers. This also reflects the level of Korea’s anti-smoking efforts.