tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.


DoH seeks to fix loopholes in tobacco law

The Department of Health said it will continue to lobby for amendments of and implementation of salient provisions of the tobacco regulation act (Republic Act 9211) to “fix its loopholes.”

RA 9211 is an act enacted in 2003 regulating the packaging, use, sale, distribution and advertisement of tobacco products.

“Ironically, this law [RA 9211] was passed immediately when World Health Organization members were about to ratify the international treaty “Framework Convention on Tobacco Control” (FCTC) in 2005. The health department has been lobbying for the passage of a law on tobacco control for over ten years before RA 9211 was passed, when suddenly, Congress passed this law with provisions beneficial to tobacco manufacturers,” Health Undersecretary Alex Padilla said.

National Center for Health Promotion director Asuncion Anden told that RA 9211 was a law formulated by the tobacco industry to “delay the implementation of salient FCTC provisions.”

Padilla admitted: “At first we tried to tolerate RA 9211 and its loopholes, believing it is better to have a law than none at all. But we realized later that we are suffering the consequences now so we have to fix the loopholes.”

The salient provisions of RA 9211 that fell short in implementation (or were not implemented at all) include the smoking ban in public places, graphic health warnings on cigarette packages, prohibiting minors from selling and buying tobacco products, as well as the ban on advertising, promotion or sponsorships, among others.

Having ratified FCTC in 2005, the Philippines must comply with Article 11 of the FCTC requiring picture warnings of at least 50 percent or no less than 30 percent of the principal display panels—but the tobacco industry remains non-compliant, said Padilla.

Since 2005, Marlboro and Mild Seven cigarette packs sold in Thailand-which ratified the FCTC treaty-have graphic or picture-based health warnings occupying the upper 50 percent of both front and back panels of packs, he said.

Graphic health warnings should have appeared on cigarette packs in September 2008, based on FCTC, but the tobacco industry has been “delaying its implementation” even when it was proven that people in countries that implemented the graphic health warnings had a high tendency to quit smoking, said Anden.

“Manufacturers have the capacity to follow the law but they went beyond it saying that RA 9211 preceded the FCTC, while lawmakers delayed the approval of the two graphic health warning bills supporting the FCTC,” said Padilla.

“Picture-based health warnings, which were proposed in Senate Bill 2147 and House Bill 3364, remain pending in Congress,” he said.

RA 9211 does not ban but only restricts the sampling or promotion of tobacco to people below 18 years old, which is a violation of the FCTC provision prohibiting cigarette sale to minors, said Padilla.

He lamented that some street vendors selling cigarettes were minors—exposing them to the risks of smoking at a young age.

With the ban on advertising tobacco, manufacturers shifted their sight to point-of-sale as the primary target of their advertisements and promotion, insisting on placing mini-billboards on top of the entrance of or outside POS such as the Marlboro Lounge in Caticlan airport, and distributing parasols, napkin holders bearing their product name and logos, among others.

Padilla said the DoH will lobby also for the increase of sin tax on cigarettes and to shift from a four-tiered to a unitary excise tax scheme.

This is to prevent the youth and the poor — both vulnerable sectors to smoking —from buying tobacco products, with the youth targeted as replacement for dying smokers and the poor spending about half of their income on cigarette sticks.

In Japan and the United States, the premium price of tobacco has resulted in the gradual decrease of smokers in those countries, said Padillla.

Padilla added there should be strict implementation of smoking areas in public to prevent passive or second-hand smoke from being inhaled by those who don’t smoke.

“Although this has been a long standing fight, we will continue to lobby for these changes because we aim to have a tobacco-free Philippines. We owe this to the present and future generations of the country,” said Padilla.
© Copyright: Newsinfo.inquirer

Related posts:

  1. Framework Convention on Tobacco Control 2008 saw further development of the global tobacco control agenda...
  2. Tobacco pictorial warnings on tobacco product packages The Supreme Court on Wednesday cleared the display of pictorial...
  3. Convention on Tobacco Control In November 2008, 160 nations agreed to guidelines under the...
  4. Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance Blocking Global Treaty On Smoking The tobacco industry in Southeast Asia is systematically obstructing implementation...
  5. Philippines Effort to Cut Smoking Goes up in Smoke The campaign against smoking, which kills close to 90,000 people...
  6. Tobacco Control in China Banning tobacco advertising and promotion is an important part of...

Leave a Reply




You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

To prove you're a person (not a spam script), type the security word shown in the picture. Click on the picture to hear an audio file of the word.
Click to hear an audio file of the anti-spam word