tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

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FBR plans crackdown on cigarette smuggling

To protect the local tax paying cigarette industry and counter growing revenue losses, the Federal Board of Revenue has finalised plans to launch a crackdown against the rising trade of foreign brand cigarettes smuggling into the country.

FBR officials said that cigarette smuggling was increasingly damaging the government’s initiatives to expand tax revenue.

‘We are in the process of setting up of a number of teams in all the four provinces where they would conduct raids at the already marked dumping places as well as retail outlets of smuggled cigarettes,’ FBR official said.

Officials estimate that Pakistan suffers an annual loss of around Rs7.4 billion in terms of revenues and investment inflicted on the cigarette industry due to continued smuggling and illicit trade

An international study on rising trends in smuggling in third world countries said that cigarettes smuggling contribute to a sizeable loss to governments and private sectors in these states.

FBR records shows that in the year 2007-08, total cigarette market was 78 billion out of which 63 billion cigarettes were of local legitimate brands while the remaining 15 billion cigarettes were smuggled.

‘Tax-evaded and counterfeited (cigarettes) incurred around Rs7.4 billion revenue loss to the government.’ FBR officials said.

According to a study, Korea and China are the major sources of cigarettes smuggling from where various cigarette brands are illegally transported to Afghanistan every year.

Unscrupulous elements further smuggle most of these cigarettes into Pakistan clandestinely through Chaman, Quetta and Kabul-Peshawar transit routes.

The FBR counter smuggling report has highlighted that local markets were flooded with smuggled cigarettes which are easily available at retail outlets, and these unscrupulous elements were dealing in this illegal trade without fearing any action or penalty from the authorities concerned.

The FBR findings also said that some of the smuggled cigarettes do not even carry the health warnings, which are mandatory under the Ministry of Health rules.

‘The raiding teams will also take to task those scrupulous groups that are involved in supplying cigarettes without printing the health warning on cigarette packing,’ the FBR official said.

FBR has fixed a minimum price formula for the cigarette packs which is eight rupees and eight paisas (inclusive of sales tax) for 10 Cigarette pack and sixteen rupees and sixteen paisas (inclusive of sales tax) for 20 cigarette pack.

Besides Pakistan also has become a base for the manufacturers of illegal cigarettes and brands having lesser price than the specified rates were available in the markets, which was a clear violation of rules and clearly shows that the illegal manufacturers were not giving taxes to the government.

The special FBR teams would also take stern action against sellers of substandard cigarettes.

© Copyright: Dawn

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