tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

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After decades-long battle, tobacco regulation advances

North Carolina, the nation’s largest tobacco producer, just did what was once thought impossible. The state enacted one of the nation’s strictest bans on smoking in public places, proving the battle against smoking has come a long way since a handful of California cities and counties passed the nation’s first smoke-free laws in 1990.

Today, 27 states heavily restrict smoking in public places. A dozen have tax rates of $2 or more a pack in an effort to price this lethal habit beyond the budgets of many teenagers — the top target in anti-smoking efforts because the teen years are when nearly all smokers start. Even in erstwhile Marlboro Country, where legislators tend to be hostile to such moves, hundreds of cities and small towns have smoke-free laws. In Laramie, Wyo., and Plano, Texas, you can’t light up in a bar or restaurant.

Yet for all that has changed, there’s still one gaping hole in the nation’s efforts to fight an addiction that kills 400,000 Americans a year: The federal government, which regulates everything from breakfast cereal to pet food, doesn’t regulate tobacco.

For more than two decades, the tobacco companies and their political allies have beaten back efforts by public health advocates to fill that gap. Now, at last, that appears likely to change. The Senate is poised, as early as this week, to debate a measure that would give the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authority to regulate tobacco products. Among the key provisions:

• The FDA would have to approve claims of “reduced harm” by the industry, which is on the verge of introducing a new generation of supposedly less dangerous products.

• Companies would be required to reveal ingredients in tobacco products to the government — a big improvement over the current situation, where the public is in the dark.

• The FDA would require larger warning labels, curtail marketing to children, and ban the use of labels such as “light” and “mild.”

The changed political landscape puts success within reach. The House passed the regulation by a huge margin, and the Senate is likely to follow. President Obama, who has waged a highly publicized battle to quit smoking, is expected to sign it.

The chief objection to the measure is that it would distract the FDA, already overloaded with food and drug issues. But the tobacco industry would be charged for any new regulatory costs.

The plan is far superior to alternatives that would eschew strong FDA regulation in favor of attempting to move cigarette smokers to smokeless products placed in the mouth, which have been linked to mouth cancers and other diseases.

Despite all the progress against smoking, the public remains vulnerable to an industry that turned deception into a fine art. New research suggests that the risk of getting lung cancer from smoking today in the USA is far higher than the risk to smokers 40 years ago. One possible reason, according to David Burns of the University of California-San Diego, is the design of cigarettes sold in the U.S. Regulation might enable the government to change that design.

Congress has an opportunity to add an important new weapon to attack the nation’s No. 1 killer. More than 1,000 children get hooked on cigarettes each day. That’s 1,000 new reasons to regulate this deadly product.

© Copyright: Usatoday

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