tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.


City Proposes Antismoking Signs at Cash Registers

A quick jaunt to buy a pack of cigarettes in New York may soon be incomplete without seeing an antismoking poster at the cash register.

The city’s Department of Health and Mental Hygiene has introduced a new proposal that would require the 12,000 or so cigarette retailers in the city to put large antismoking signs at the cash register and where the cigarettes are displayed, the first such regulation in the United States.

“It’s really about getting them at the point-of-sale moment,” said Sarah B. Perl, the health department’s assistant commissioner for tobacco control.

Cigarette advertising dominates the retail outlets, and the city wants to balance that message. “We want them to also think about the consequences about what it will do to them,” Ms. Perl said.

Similar sign requirements have been made in Canada, New Zealand and Australia, she said, but these would be the first with a graphic element. They have found visually displaying gruesome health effects — like amputations and throat cancer — have been the most effective way to generate calls from New Yorkers who want to quit.

The images will be rotated so they can stay “fresh, crisp and impactful,” said Ms. Perl, who noted people have become inured to the surgeon general’s warning on cigarette packs because it has not changed since it has never changed.

The antismoking signs would be quite sizable, with a limit of no smaller than 324 square inches (like an 18-by-18-inch sign) and no larger than 1296 square inches (like a 2-by-4½-foot sign). They are also intended to be at approximately eye level, with the bottom of the sign being a minimum of four feet off the ground, while the top of the sign cannot be more than seven feet from the ground.

The signs would have information about the harmful effects of smoking, information on getting help to quit and a possible image.

The regulation, which does not require City Council approval, does need to pass a vote by the Board of Health, a 10-member body that is generally filled by appointees by the mayor. The board voted on Tuesday to get public comment on the regulation. At the earliest, it would vote in September to pass the regulation.

The health department has been relatively aggressive in fighting smoking — using a combination of advertisements, regulation and taxes to drive the smoking rate down below 16 percent.
However, health surveys show that 7,400 New Yorkers still die each year from smoking.

The health department, which endured a series of legal challenges for requiring chain restaurants to post caloric requirements on food, also expects lawsuits over this regulation. But Anne Pearson, the senior legal counsel for the department’s bureau of tobacco control, said that the department was comfortable with the regulation, given how courts have ruled in the past on compelled speech on commercial settings.

“This type of signage which communicates purely factual information about a commercial transaction is legal,” she said.

And Ms. Perl noted the volume of cigarette advertising visible at store counters. “If they have room for 20 smoking advertisements, they have room for one health department sign,” she said.

The public hearing will be held on July 30 from 2 to 4 p.m. in Room 330 at 125 Worth Street in Lower Manhattan.
© Copyright: Nytimes

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