tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

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Heavy rains ruin Southeast Georgia blueberry, tobacco crops

Blueberry season is a washout for most Southeast Georgia growers.

Colder-than-normal weather decimated high-bush blueberries early in the season. Heavy rains over the past several weeks have ruined much of the rabbit-eye berries now in the fields, which have been too muddy to harvest, University of Georgia Agriculture Extension Service agents said.

“The question is not can we salvage the season, it’s can we harvest what we’ve got and make it attractive to the market?” said Danny Stanaland, area blueberry agent for the extension service.

Southeast Georgia is widely known for producing high-quality blueberries. But much of the high-bush crop perished because high-gusting winds accompanying the cold temperatures prevented growers from using their freeze protection systems, he said.

“We only got about 35 percent to 50 percent of the normal harvest of high-bush berries,” said Stanaland, who regularly works with growers in Bacon and eight neighboring counties in Georgia’s blueberry belt.

Some of the berries harvested had quality problems, making them less attractive to buyers, which meant growers got a lower price for their fruit, he said.

Now rabbit-eye blueberries are rotting in the fields, which remain flooded or are so muddy farmers can’t get their harvesting equipment into them.

“We’ve gotten about 30 inches of rain so far in Bacon County, and about 40 inches in the other counties,” Stanaland estimated.

The rain, humidity and wet ground causes the fruit to split. Although the berries generally can be used in specialty juices or purees, buyers want undamaged fruit.

To make matters worse, the market demand for blueberries is way down because of the bad economy, he said.

The rains also have taken a heavy toll on tobacco, peanuts and cotton in Coffee, Pierce and Ware counties, as well as the rest of the region, county agents said.

“It’s too late to replant tobacco,” said James Jacobs, county agent for adjacent Pierce and Ware counties.

Jacobs said the rains pounded many of the young plants into the ground, while others were washed out or rotting in waterlogged fields.

He estimated at least 25 percent are going to have to replant their peanuts and cotton because of rotted seed and washed out plants. The corn crop also has been seriously damaged because of flooding and erosion, Jacobs said.

Soggy fields are preventing Coffee County farmers from applying herbicides, replanting or harvesting their crops, county agent Eddie McGriff said.

To make up for the tobacco loss, McGriff said, a majority of Coffee farmers are replanting with peanuts or cotton.

Jacobs expects many Pierce and Ware farmers now will plant soybeans as well as peanuts in an effort to offset their losses.

Farmers have battled bad weather and fickle growing conditions for generations. Despite this season’s hardships, many maintain a positive attitude, Jacobs said.

“The farmers have hung in there. They’ve gone through this kind of hardship before. They put their heads down and work harder to get through it,” he said.

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