tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco

Smoking bans around the world


Turkey rolls out the next phase of a smoking ban on July 19, extending the prohibition to cafes, bars and restaurants as it aims to curb the habit in a country where 22 million people, half the adult male population, smoke.

Die-hard smokers in Cyprus will also be finally be hit when one of the last EU smoking havens imposes ban on puffing in public places. From January 1, 2010 smoking will be prohibited in restaurants, bars, nightclubs and workplaces, with planned hefty fines for those caught.

Ireland imposed a nationwide ban on smoking in the workplace in 2004. U.S. states, including Florida and California, have had similar bans since 2003. In November 2004, Bhutan became the first country to ban tobacco sales entirely.

Here are details on some other countries that have banned smoking in some form since 2008:

* 2008:

JANUARY:

- France: Smoking in shops, offices and other public places has been banned since February 2007, but a special exemption for bars and cafes was in place until January 1, 2008.

- Turkey: Passed a law to ban smoking in bars, cafes, restaurants and other public places to be implemented in full at least 18 months after the president signed it into law.

* FEBRUARY:

- Thailand: From February 17, Thailand extended its ban on smoking to air-conditioned bars and offices and outdoor markets.

* JULY:

- Since September 1, 2007, Germany has forbidden smoking in all federal buildings and on public transportation. A ban on smoking in bars in Germany’s 16 federal states was challenged in court in July 2008. Most states are now adopting the guidelines established by the court, which allow for exceptions in drinking establishments too small to create a separate smoking area. Roughly one in three German adults smokes.

- Netherlands: A smoking ban came into force in cafes, bars and restaurants. Cannabis-smoking is still allowed in the marijuana-selling coffee shops.

- Switzerland: A ban on smoking in public places took effect on July 1. However, smokers in Geneva were given a reprieve on September 30 after the top Swiss court struck down the ban, saying the local government had overstepped its powers.

* OCTOBER:

- India: Banned smoking in public places on October 2 in an attempt to fight tobacco use blamed, directly or indirectly, for a fifth of all deaths in the world’s third-largest tobacco consumer. The ban, which includes all offices and restaurants, will hit its estimated 240 million tobacco users.

2009:

JANUARY:

- Indonesia: The top Islamic body decided on January 25, not to ban smoking for Muslims. However the Ulema Council, or MUI, issued a fatwa prohibiting smoking in public places or by pregnant women and children. Some cities in Indonesia, including Jakarta, have banned smoking in public, but rules are flouted.

MAY:

- Croatia: Law on banning smoking in all public places came into effect on May 6 to displeasure of one million smokers.

- Bulgaria: Lawmakers voted May 15 to ban smoking in public spaces from June 2010, ignoring protests from tobacco producers and the tourist industry. Smoking is already banned in hospitals, taxis and offices.

JULY:

- Greece: Bans smoking in indoor public places from July 1.

- Turkey extends ban to restaurants, cafes and bars.

- Netherlands says it will suspend monitoring of small cafes with no personnel pending a planned outright smoking ban.
© Copyright: Reuters

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1 comment to Smoking bans around the world

  • Bob

    How do they plan to enforce it? Here in my area of Chicago, after over a year and a half, many small neighborhood bars still ingore the Illinois ban to keep their customers.

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