tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco Cigarettes are smoking products consumed by people and made out of cut tobacco leaves. Cigars are typically composed completely of whole-leaf tobacco. A cigarette has smaller size, composed of processed leaf, and white paper wrapping. The term cigarette refers to a tobacco cigarette too but it can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cannabis.
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FDA bans flavored tobacco, aims to reduce teen smoking

A federal ban on the sale of most flavored cigarettes, including fruit, candy and clove flavors, went into effect Sept. 22. The ban is the first action taken by the Food and Drug Administration since being granted more power to combat smoking under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, signed by President Obama in June.

The ban does not include menthol cigarettes, which is the most popular flavored cigarette.smoking flavour

The FDA said in a statement that the ban was put in place in an effort to curb smoking by children and teens.

“These flavored cigarettes are a gateway for many children and young adults to become smokers,” FDA Commissioner Margaret A. Hamburg said in the statement.

A 2004 study showed that 22.8 percent of 17-year-old smokers said they had smoked flavored cigarettes in the past month, while a third of that amount, 6.7 percent, of smokers over the age of 25 reported using them, the FDA said.

“Flavored cigarettes attract and allure kids into a lifetime addiction,” said U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health Howard Koh.

“FDA’s ban on these cigarettes will break that cycle for the more than 3,600 young people who start smoking daily.”

The ban covers all flavored tobacco products that meet the definition of a cigarette or any element of cigarettes, such as flavored loose tobacco or rolling papers.

The ban appears vague on what does or doesn’t constitute a cigarette, and the FDA cites a provision of the Federal Cigarette Labeling Advertising Act that defines the term cigarette as, “(A) any roll of tobacco wrapped in paper or in any substance not containing tobacco and (B) any roll of tobacco wrapped in any substance containing tobacco which, because of its appearance, the type of tobacco used in the filler, or its packaging and labeling, is likely to be offered to, or purchased by, consumers as a cigarette,” to determine if a product should be banned.

The FDA has been questioned since the ban was enacted whether or not it applies to cigars and small flavored cigarillos, but has not yet given a definitive answer. Catherine Lorraine, a lawyer for the Center for Tobacco Products, said in a telephone conference that the definition makes it clear that the ban applies to anything consumers perceive as a cigarette.

“We will be looking at products on an individual basis to determine if it meets that aspect of the legislation,” Lorraine said.

Dr. William Bailey, a professor at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, has done research on smoking cessation and said he feels that the ban is a step in the right direction, though it is a very small step. Excluding menthol cigarettes from the ban makes it an even smaller step, Bailey said, but every effort to prevent children and teens from smoking is important.

Bailey said he agrees that flavored cigarettes would be more attractive to children, and he compared it to the way kids crowd around an ice cream truck.
“Kids just love sweet stuff,” Bailey said in an e-mail.

Bailey said he thinks an eventual complete ban of all tobacco products is not feasible, since it would be similar to banning alcohol during the Prohibition.

“I don’t think that kind of thing works and its not palatable to the American spirit,” Bailey said.

Instead, Bailey said the FDA must focus on education and warning people of the health hazards at a young age.

The ban of flavored tobacco is the first of many steps in combating smoking, and Bailey said others that would be effective would be higher taxes, which the FDA cannot control, and monitoring advertisements because some may subtly be advertising to children, Bailey said.

“Tobacco companies have got to attract teens and young people,” Bailey said. “They’re killing off all their best customers so they have got to get some new ones.”

Ban unclear for users

While the ban is meant to prevent teens from smoking, it affects smokers who are of age as well, including students on campus. Some students mostly use flavored tobacco to smoke it out of a hookah. Now that the ban has gone into effect, the option of a relaxing night sitting around the hookah with friends may have disappeared.

Mike Rhiney, a junior majoring in business, said he was not aware that a ban on flavored tobacco had even been in the works, much less that it had been enacted on Sept. 22. He has still been able to purchase flavored tobacco in town.

“Right now, what I have on me is wild grape [flavored tobacco],” Rhiney said.

Rhiney said he does not think teenagers are primarily drawn to flavored cigarettes, and thinks it is not a widespread problem.

“From personal experience, the first cigarette I ever smoked was a Marbolo Light,” Rhiney said. “No one I’ve ever known has ever smoked flavored cigarettes, ever.”

Rhiney said he never encountered flavored tobacco until college. He said he had never seen a hookah until his freshman year, which was the first time he tried it.

He said he would have bought a pack of cigarettes when he was younger instead of flavored tobacco since it was so much easier than setting up a hookah.
“I wanted instant gratification as a teen,” Rhiney said.

While the FDA is concerned with cigarette companies trying to circumvent the ban by making flavored cigarettes that appear to be little cigars as an alternative, Rhiney said there is no alternative for the flavored loose tobacco he smokes. He said didn’t realize that the tobacco he smoked out of the hookah would even qualify on the same level as flavored cigarettes.

“I don’t smoke flavored tobacco, I smoke hookah tobacco,” Rhiney said. “I never looked at it as flavored tobacco. I looked at it as hookah tobacco. I guess I will have to stop smoking the hookah if it’s banned now.”

**

Dr. Alan Blum, a professor and endowed chairman in family medicine at the University and director of the UA Center for the Study of Tobacco and Society, said the ban does not change the situation.

“The FDA’s ban on flavored tobacco products changes very little,” Blum said. “This will have no effect whatsoever in reducing teen smoking.”

Blum said it bans only products labeled with the names of flavors such as “grape,” and very few products like that exist and are mostly little cigars.

Blum said none of the products made by the biggest tobacco companies are affected by the ban and that all cigarettes contain flavors.

“We don’t know, for instance, if Marlboro might be cherry-flavored and chocolate-flavored, since those are trade secrets,” Blum said.

Blum said he has many ideas on why menthol cigarettes were not included in the ban.

Blum said mentholated cigarettes have existed for 80 years and make up close to 30 percent of all cigarette sales. They are especially popular with Hispanic and black consumers, who have been targeted by tobacco companies, Blum said.

Blum said menthol cigarettes were not included in the ban because of a deal Philip Morris cut with the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. By breaking ranks with other tobacco companies and supporting the FDA in this ban, Marlboro, the cigarette maker with 50 percent of the U.S. market, was able to gain the support of the well-funded lobbyist group, Blum said.

“In other words, the campaign for Tobacco Free Kids and Philip Morris can be said to have sold out African-American and Hispanic consumers for the sake of getting a largely symbolic bill passed,” Blum said.

At this point, Blum said any attempts to ban menthol cigarettes would lead to years of court battles, as any research that would back up a ban on menthol cigarettes would also lead to a ban on all cigarettes, which is a move the FDA is not authorized to make.

Blum submitted a statement to the FDA in which he requested they release a relative risk scale for smoking and stressed that menthol is an important issue but is relatively minor in comparison to cigarettes as a whole.

“As it stands, all too many of my own patients still fear the rare adverse consequences of occasional acetaminophen use more than their daily pack of cigarettes,” Blum said in his statement.


By Katie Koenig, October 7, 2009 http://www.cw.ua.edu

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2 comments to FDA bans flavored tobacco, aims to reduce teen smoking

  • Harley Brown

    This is more fascist control from OUR government. Why can’t the people see that it dose not matter if they are Republican or Democrat they are only there to take away freedoms and apply more control of on our lives. There is no such thing as lesser evil they are both evil. Start voting third party and start making a change it may not happen over night but together we can start to slow down the juggernut of the two parties we have now. And why sre they going to keep menthol that seems pretty discrimative to me. Is it maybe because he just maybe smokes them hmmmmmm.

  • Emily Lambert-McKnight

    I agree Harley.

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