tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

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FDA Says Delaying Tobacco Authority To Harm Public

WASHINGTON -The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday urged a federal judge in Kentucky not to order the agency to delay enforcing new tobacco laws, saying such a move would have “devastating consequences” on public health.

The FDA is facing a challenge to its new tobacco powers, signed into law in June, from tobacco companies including Camel cigarette maker Reynolds American Inc. (RAI) and Commonwealth Brands Inc. The companies say the law imposes unprecedented restrictions on their First Amendment rights and want a federal court in Bowling Green, Ky., to order a preliminary injunction to stop enforcement of certain provisions in the regulations.

A judge for the District Court for the Western District of Kentucky heard from the FDA and the tobacco companies Thursday on the request for an injunction. He could soon decide whether to grant the injunction.

The law restricts tobacco companies from using color in most ads, bars them from saying certain products are less risky than others and stops them from selling tobacco products in combination with other items, such as soda and mouthwash.

“It is crucial to the public health that tobacco products not be marketed as reduced-risk products unless they will, in fact, reduce risks,” the FDA said in a brief filed with the court.

The injunction request relates only to the restrictions on marketing tobacco products with other consumer items, and restrictions against advertising that a tobacco product is less risky than other tobacco products. Restrictions on color in ads don’t go into effect until June 2010.

The companies want to be able to make claims in ads and on boxes that certain tobacco products contain smaller amounts of harmful ingredients, such as being low in tar, and are, therefore, less risky than other tobacco products.

This issue is important to companies that make smokeless tobacco products. Reynolds, for instance, makes Camel Snus, a type of tobacco that comes in a pouch in flavors like “frost” and “mellow.”

In their briefing documents, the companies argue that such information is truthful and should be given to consumers.

The FDA says such information gives consumers the “mistaken belief” that the products are safe to use. The agency will allow companies to make such claims only after they prove the product does reduce a consumers risk for tobacco-related diseases. That appears to be a high hurdle. The agency notes that medical devices and prescription drugs must go through a rigorous review process before they can be sold to treat or reduce the risk of disease.

The companies say they aren’t completely against the FDA authority to regulate tobacco, and that they support restrictions in marketing and advertising to children.

While Lorillard Inc. (LO) is a party to the overall lawsuit challenging the advertising restrictions imposed by the law, it isn’t a party to the preliminary injunction, according to a company spokesman. The company says it didn’t join the request for injunction because it doesn’t intend to market tobacco products with claims that they are less risky than other tobacco products.

-By Jared A. Favole, Dow Jones Newswires; 202.862.9207; [email protected]

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