tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco
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Philip Morris USA drops lawsuit against San Francisco

SAN FRANCISCO - The nation’s largest cigarette manufacturer has dropped its lawsuit seeking to overturn a controversial San Francisco city ordinance banning the sale of tobacco in retail pharmacies.

City attorney Dennis Herrera announced last week that Philip Morris USA, which had filed the lawsuit in the U.S. District Court in Oakland, Calif., in September 2008, had abandoned it.

The Richmond, Va.-based company had argued that the ordinance violated its First Amendment right to free speech, though judge Claudia Wilken dismissed the company’s request for an injunction in December, noting that the ordinance “prohibits conduct, tobacco sales, not speech about tobacco.” The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the decision last month.

“San Francisco’s local officials have the right and the duty to protect public health, and in this case, they have a compelling rationale,” Herrera said in a statement. “Consumers – and especially young people – should reasonably expect pharmacies to serve their health needs, not to enable our leading cause of preventable death.”

The ordinance, which took effect Oct. 1, 2008, prohibits retail pharmacies in San Francisco from selling tobacco products. Controversially, however, it still allows supermarkets and mass merchandise retailers that operate in-store pharmacies to sell tobacco. That difference prompted a lawsuit from Walgreens on Sept. 8, 2008. That lawsuit, which also aims to strike down the ordinance, is still underway in state courts. Walgreens argues that the law violates its right to equal protection under the California and federal constitutions.

Boston adopted a similar ordinance in February, though that ordinance bans any store that operates a pharmacy from selling tobacco products rather than drug stores alone.


By Alaric DeArment

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