tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco Cigarettes are smoking products consumed by people and made out of cut tobacco leaves. Cigars are typically composed completely of whole-leaf tobacco. A cigarette has smaller size, composed of processed leaf, and white paper wrapping. The term cigarette refers to a tobacco cigarette too but it can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cannabis.
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Brown wants candy-like tobacco taken off market

WASHINGTON—To the average school nurse, teacher or security officer, they might well pass as innocent packages of breath mints.tobacco candy

That’s a big reason “dissolvable tobacco” products such as Camel Orbs are so attractive to youths trying to pull a fast one on adults while still getting a significant hit of nicotine, says Kate King, a school nurse in central Ohio.

“My big concern is we don’t see them they are below the radar,” said King, president-elect of the Ohio Association of School Nurses. “It’s an easy thing. It’s a cute package. They are easily concealable.”

That attraction to teenagers, as well as potential health dangers to children cited in a study last month, is why Sen. Sherrod Brown wants federal regulators to immediately remove such material from the market.

“Dissolvable tobacco products are being used to hook youth and sustain nicotine addiction,” Brown said in an April 21 letter, co-written with Sen. Jeff Merkley, D-Ore., to FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg.

Columbus is one of three test markets for Camel Orbs, which are finely milled tobacco tablets in mint and cinnamon flavors, and similar Camel Sticks and Strips.

The tobacco-regulation legislation enacted last year included a Brown/Merkley amendment requiring the Food and Drug Administration to produce a report within two years on the impact of dissolvable tobacco products, including their use by children.

But a study last month in Pediatrics added urgency. The research concluded that dissolvable tobacco products could result in accidental ingestion and poisoning by young children and are of “concern with their discreet form, candy-like appearance and added flavorings that may be attractive to young children.”

Brown and Merkley told Hamburg, “Given the compelling new evidence in this study that these new tobacco products pose an immediate and significant health risk to children, we urge the FDA to take action right away to keep tobacco candy products off store shelves and out of the hands of children.”

The lawmakers noted that the agency already has expressed concerns.

In February, Lawrence Deyton, director of the FDA’s Center of Tobacco Products, wrote R.J. Reynolds, maker of the Camel dissolvable tobacco products, and Star Scientific - which makes similar products called Ariva and Stonewall - asking for thousands of pages of information.

“CTP is concerned that children and adolescents may find dissolvable tobacco products particularly appealing, given the brightly colored packaging, candy-like appearance and easily concealable size of many of these products,” Deyton wrote. “We are also concerned about the extent to which the high nicotine content and rapid dissolution of dissolvable tobacco products may facilitate initiation of tobacco use, nicotine dependence and addiction in adolescents, and may serve as a mechanism for inadvertent toxicity in children.”

The FDA’s findings “will make them want to pull it” from the market, Brown said in an interview Thursday. “I am not going to set expectations that they (the FDA researchers) are going to be done in a month or two or three. But I want to let them know we are watching.”

Reynolds and Star Scientific say their dissolvable tobacco products are made for and marketed to adults.

Star says it has manufactured and marketed its Ariva and Stonewall dissolvable tobacco products since 2001, saying that “hardly makes them ‘novel’ - and in that time we have not encountered one case of nicotine ‘poisoning’ of a child.”

Reynolds’ Camel Orbs are drawing perhaps the most scrutiny, apparently because of the bright packaging and what critics charge is a similarity to Tic Tacs and other candy-like breath mints.

David Howard, a Reynolds spokesman, said the Camel products are sold from behind store counters, just like cigarettes, in childproof packaging.

“These are adult tobacco consumers we are trying to appeal . . . these products offer adult tobacco consumers options,” Howard said, adding that Reynolds has provided the FDA with 13,000 pages of information. “They can enjoy tobacco pleasure, make an informed decision and do it without bothering others.”

There are limited data on youths and dissolvable tobacco products, but a natural attraction may exist because of the ability to use the tablets in the open without adults realizing it, said Dr. Terry Pechacek, associate director for science at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s office on smoking and health.

“This makes it possible they can be used in school settings, even in front of parents and places where children are not able to smoke cigarettes,” Pechacek said. “The concern is the potential for doing something you are not supposed to do, the ‘getting away with something’ . . . factor.”

By Jonathan Riskind
THE COLUMBUS DISPATCH, May 2, 2010

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