tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco
Tobacco-Facts ads

On the reservation, resentment

Seneca Nation leaders have renounced violence, urged calm and tried to dampen the emotion in the buildup to the state’s attempt seneca nationto collect taxes on cigarettes.

Even so, some emotion — mostly frustration — has bubbled up from the Cattaraugus Reservation.

With questions about potential economic harm from a successful attempt at tax collection, sometimes it sounds like a people’s attempt at survival.

While two public, “peaceful” rallies are planned on the reservation this morning, tensions had been climbing, and the raw emotion has still shown its head.

The Senecas, who have been subjected to “continued aggression and encroachment from New York State,” need to remain resilient, Tribal Council Member J.C. Seneca said Tuesday.

“I firmly believe that, like my father told me, the state government and the United States are not going to be happy until they eliminate us as a people. And this is the process of what they’re trying to do,” Seneca said.

“They want to terminate us and assimilate us into the white society,” Seneca continued. “That’s their goal, ultimate goal. And we’re going to fight every inch of the way to stop them and to keep our culture and our traditions and our nation alive and well.”

It’s not just about the state attempting to collect taxes on cigarettes from non-Indians. Seneca frustration stems from generations of broken treaties, leased-land disputes and claims of eminent domain by the state, said Robert Odawi Porter, a Seneca Nation lawyer who is running for president of the nation.

“Really it goes back to the very beginning,” Porter said. “The state and its officials have engaged in nothing but predatory conduct. It’s just been one continued episode of theft and efforts to terminate us.”

In an advertisement in today’s Buffalo News, a Seneca business group blasts Gov. David A. Paterson and New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg for their support for collecting the tax.

The ad, paid for by the Seneca Free Trade Association, tries to mock the perceived ease with which government officials “think nothing of sacrificing Native Americans” due to promises to special interests, or “when they create and pass unconstitutional laws to eradicate economies of sovereign nations.”

“When Native Americans are beaten and killed in the days to come it will be easily defended as, ‘We are just doing our jobs,’” the advertisement says.

Fierce language is exactly what some leaders hope to defuse.

When asked about the mood of the community prior to Tuesday’s court hearing before U.S. District Judge Richard J. Arcara, Seneca described tension and uncertainty.

“We’re trying to communicate with our people,” Seneca said late Tuesday morning. “We sent a message out for everybody to stay calm.”

That message has also included telling Senecas not to give “outside law enforcement” any reason to come onto Indian territory, Seneca said.

“If somebody does something like that, hopefully we can deal with it in quick fashion where it doesn’t turn into something that gets out of control,” he said.

Monday night, the Tribal Council voted to reiterate its protocol for outside law enforcement agents coming onto sovereign lands.

The Council passed a resolution reinforcing an existing policy that the Seneca marshals be contacted before any outside police agency comes onto the reservation for a non-emergency situation. In emergency situations, police should notify the marshals while they’re en route.

The continuing debate is the latest development in a long history of conflict between the state and Indian tribes.

“As far as they’re concerned, things have been taken from them over and over again,” said Keith R. Burich, a Canisius College history professor.

The push to collect this tax is the latest example of how Native Americans have been treated, said Burich, who teaches a course in Native American history.

As evidence, Burich cited the construction of the Niagara Power Project in Lewiston and the Kinzua Dam in western Pennsylvania.

In both cases, the government took Indian land for those projects, he said.

“It’s not like it happened 250 years ago or 300 years ago. It’s happened in recent decades,” he said. “It’s a matter of things being constantly taken from them.”

Tax exemptions for Indian tribes are common across the country and were granted in exchange for, among other things, giving up millions of acres of land, he said.

“And I think that gets lost in all of that,” Burich said. “They’ve given up an awful lot in order to get what really amounts to a very small exemption from taxation.”

Concern over the issue has extended into Niagara County, which has the Tuscarora Reservation.

Personnel at the Niagara Falls Air Reserve Station got an e-mail Friday urging individuals to be aware of the “threat” related to the tax-collection matter:

“Due to the increased threat, it is strongly recommended personnel limit their travels in and around Local Reservation areas cq(Tuscarora, Allegany, Irving)cq to include Native American operated casinos. If travel through these areas is unavoidable, members should maintain heightened situational awareness to malicious activity.”

The e-mail, which had the subject line “FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS ONLY — NATIVE AMERICAN THREAT,” continues: “Those personnel who patron [sic] Native American retailers should remain cognizant of the current threat and report any adverse activity to the [State] Police or the closest servicing law enforcement agency. Personnel should not engage or interact with malevolent activity and immediately vacate to seek haven.”

Mass messages to base personnel are sent when there is something in the community individuals should be vigilant about or aware of, said Maj. Andrea E. Pitruzzella of the base’s public affairs office.

“They’re not very frequent at all,” Pitruzzella said, noting that this message was sent because of the base’s proximity to the reservation areas.

“It’s just keeping us aware of our surroundings.”

By Aaron Besecker

Share and Enjoy:
  • Digg
  • del.icio.us
  • Facebook
  • Technorati
  • StumbleUpon
  • Google Bookmarks
  • MySpace
  • MyShare
  • RSS
  • Twitter
  • Simpy
  • Sphinn
  • Yahoo! Buzz
  • Blogosphere News
  • Mixx
  • Reddit
  • Propeller
  • MisterWong
  • LinkedIn

Related posts:

  1. Indian reservation smoke shops NEW YORK — After doing time for possession and an...
  2. Native Americans call New York City Mayor Bloomberg’s ‘cowboy hat’ remark racist New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s advice to Gov. David...
  3. Seneca Leaders Call on President Obama to Protect Rights of Native Americans CATTARAUGUS TERRITORY, - The Seneca Nation of Indians today denounced...
  4. Fast sell for tax-free cigarettes CATTARAUGUS INDIAN RESERVATION - Smokers have been coming here in...
  5. Cigarette tax wars continue NEW YORK – There was no let up last year...
  6. Seneca Nation to Withhold NYS Casino Payments BUFFALO, NY - The Seneca Nation of Indians will withhold...
  7. Seneca: Cigarette tax bill is a throwback to ‘termination era’ IRVING, N.Y. – A bill passed by the New York...
  8. Seneca educates lawmakers on treaty rights, tobacco economy NEW YORK – State lawmakers at a public hearing heard...
  9. Seneca Nation leaders call for defeat of PACT Act IRVING, N.Y. – An electronic billboard on a busy interstate...
  10. Oneidas moving cigarette plant to city of Oneida The Oneida Indian Nation is moving its cigarette-manufacturing plant from...

Tobacco-Facts ads
discount cigarettes online

Leave a Reply

 

 

 

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

*
To prove you're a person (not a spam script), type the security word shown in the picture. Click on the picture to hear an audio file of the word.
Click to hear an audio file of the anti-spam word