tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco Cigarettes are smoking products consumed by people and made out of cut tobacco leaves. Cigars are typically composed completely of whole-leaf tobacco. A cigarette has smaller size, composed of processed leaf, and white paper wrapping. The term cigarette refers to a tobacco cigarette too but it can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cannabis.
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Taxes on tobacco in India lowest in Asia Pacific

SYDNEY: Tax levied by India on tobacco products is among the lowest in the entire Asia Pacific region, and at variance with the World Health Organization’s norms.

The findings have come to the fore, thanks to a comparative study conducted by Mary Assunta of South East Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA). While WHO’s recommendation says that 65% to 80% of the retail price of a tobacco product has to be taxed, the current tax levels for bidis and cigarettes are 9% and 38%, respectively.

Bidis are significantly undertaxed as compared to filter cigarettes. The tax on bidis in 2007-08 was Rs 14 per 1,000 sticks (for handmade bidis) and Rs 26 per 1,000 for machine-made bidis. A recent report estimated that between 52% and 70% of all bidis consumed in India was not taxed.

Assunta’s study reveals that in comparison to India, tax rate in Australia is 68%, Bangladesh (67%), Japan (63%), Malaysia (54%), Sri Lanka (77%) and Thailand (70%). Some other countries, which are yet to increase taxes on tobacco products include China (39%), Indonesia (37%), Philippines (30%) and Vietnam (45%).

Assunta told TOI, “Research has shown that rising price of tobacco products by 10% in middle and low-income countries will result in reduction of consumption by 8%.”

Harley Stanton, president of Asia Pacific Conference on Tobacco or Health (APACT), which got underway here on Thursday, said, “Taxation is the single most important measure that countries can take in reducing tobacco consumption. What governments fail to understand is that the cost of caring for people, lost productivity and impact on children through secondhand smoke is nearly four times higher than the tax collected by the government from tobacco products.”

“While the tobacco companies take home the profit, government and individuals have to pay for the tremendous health burden that tobacco causes. So it is absolutely essential that taxes on tobacco products are increased as per WHO’s requirements. It’s a win-win situation for a government, which not only collects more money from tobacco companies but health care burden also decreases as smoking comes down,” he added.

Tobacco smoking kills one million Indians a year. But a recent report said a rise in excise tax of bidis and cigarettes could save around two crore lives

Kounteya Sinha, TNN

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