tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco Cigarettes are smoking products consumed by people and made out of cut tobacco leaves. Cigars are typically composed completely of whole-leaf tobacco. A cigarette has smaller size, composed of processed leaf, and white paper wrapping. The term cigarette refers to a tobacco cigarette too but it can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cannabis.
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Lawmakers: North Dakota Tobacco Rules working fine

BISMARCK – North Dakota lawmakers appear content to allow smoking to continue in bars and truck stops and have little enthusiasm for increasing the state’s tobacco taxes to deter cigarette and smokeless tobacco use, an Associated Press survey of legislators says.

Legislators who responded to the December survey, which was conducted by e-mail and regular mail, supported the right of local governments to impose tougher anti-smoking rules than the North Dakota Legislature itself has been willing to approve.

Since lawmakers banned smoking in most public workplaces in 2005, the Legislature has defeated proposals to abolish the law’s exemptions, which allow smoking in bars, tobacco shops, motel rooms designated for smokers, rooms rented for private functions, and enclosed areas of truck stops where children are not allowed.

Fargo, West Fargo, Grand Forks, Bismarck, Devils Lake and Napoleon have gone beyond the state law and approved local ordinances that ban smoking in bars. The Devils Lake measure is to take effect July 1, and Bismarck’s ordinance has been put on hold until it is resolved by a citywide vote. After Bismarck’s City Commission approved two ordinances on smoking in bars, a group of bar employees circulated referendum petitions to put them on the ballot.

The AP survey asked legislators whether they favored a statewide anti-smoking law, leaving the issue to local governments, or continuing the current practice of having a statewide law while allowing local governments to toughen it if they chose. In all, 114 of the 141 members of the North Dakota Legislature, or 81 percent, responded to the survey.

In the North Dakota House, 59 of the 76 representatives who replied said they preferred continuing the existing law or letting local governments handle the issue. Fourteen House members advocated a statewide policy, and three were undecided.

Twenty-nine North Dakota senators who replied to the survey favored continuing the present law or leaving the issue to local boards, while six wanted a statewide law, and three were undecided.

In 2008, North Dakota voters approved an initiative that set aside money for a new anti-tobacco agency, called the Center for Tobacco Prevention and Control Policy, which is independent of the state Health Department and run by an appointed board.

Board members drafted a five-year plan for reducing tobacco use that advocated raising North Dakota’s tobacco taxes, including an increase in the state tax on cigarettes from 44 cents to $2 a pack by July 2013. The plan also envisioned abolishing the exemptions to the state’s anti-smoking law and extending the smoking ban to outdoor arenas where public events are held.

Jeanne Prom, the center’s director, said the agency intends to concentrate on local efforts to curb smoking in 2011 rather than push the Legislature to toughen North Dakota’s anti-smoking law or boost tobacco taxes.

“In order to have anything happen to the tobacco tax, we need legislative support, and we feel that we need to do more education on that,” Prom said. “As far as 2011 goes, our efforts are going to be continuing to work on local smoke-free laws and continue to educate on the costs of tobacco, which we all pay.”

The AP survey showed little support for boosting North Dakota’s cigarette tax to $2 a pack, although five senators and 16 House members said a smaller increase might be acceptable, with $1 a pack the most frequently mentioned figure.

Twenty-six senators said they would not raise North Dakota’s cigarette tax to $2 a pack, while 10 favored the proposal and two were undecided. In the House, opposition was stronger, with 59 representatives saying they did not support the increase, compared to 13 who did and four who said they were undecided.

North Dakota’s 44-cent tax on a pack of cigarettes has not been increased since 1993 and ranks 46th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia, according to the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, a Washington, D.C. advocacy organization. Montana’s tax is $1.70 a pack, while South Dakota’s is $1.53 and Minnesota’s is $1.57; the national average is $1.45 a pack.

North Dakota is one of three states that has not raised its tobacco tax in at least 10 years, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. The other two are California and Missouri, which has the nation’s lowest cigarette tax at 17 cents a pack.

By: Dale Wetzel

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