tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco Cigarettes are smoking products consumed by people and made out of cut tobacco leaves. Cigars are typically composed completely of whole-leaf tobacco. A cigarette has smaller size, composed of processed leaf, and white paper wrapping. The term cigarette refers to a tobacco cigarette too but it can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cannabis.

Women take up smoking as they get more power

GIVING women more political and economic control increases female smoking rates, a new study revealed yesterday.power women smoking

The study, which looked at 74 countries including Ireland, found a link between female political and economic empowerment and smoking prevalence among the overall female population.

In Ireland 47.5pc of all smokers are women — in contrast to many other countries where men are much more likely to light up.

Governments around the world are being urged to take concerted action to implement tobacco control policies in order to prevent increases in smoking among women, particularly those who are “recently emancipated”.

The findings emerged in a research study by the University of Waterloo, Canada, and are published in the international public health journal, the ‘Bulletin of the World Health Organisation’ (WHO).

The study pointed out: “A World Bank report estimated that smoking rates among men are five times higher than among women, while WHO studies show that the ratio of female-to-male smoking varies dramatically across countries, with the greatest difference found in low- to middle-income countries.”

Co-author Dr Geoffrey T Fong added: “Our analysis of smoking rates across 74 countries shows that this difference declines as measures of women’s status improve.

“However, this correlation between female empowerment and smoking does not mean that women will automatically start smoking if they become empowered.

“Our study makes a strong case for implementing gender-specific tobacco control activities in addition to the policies such as more higher tobacco taxes, more prominent graphic health warnings, smoke-free laws, and advertising and promotion bans.”

Deterrent

It noted that historical investigations show that younger and more educated women are among the first to take up smoking when there is a breakdown of the traditional social norms that act as a deterrent.

The authors said more attention must be paid to ways the tobacco industry is capitalising on societal changes to target women.

“In this respect, bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship could be a key strategy in deterring women from taking up smoking.”

By Eilish O’Regan Health Correspondent

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