tocacco plant Native American Tobaccoo flower, leaves, and buds

tocacco Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as a shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential.

tocacco nicotina Nicotiana tabacum

tocacco Nicotiana rustica leaves. Nicotiana rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco) leaves contain about 1 to 3%

tocacco cigar A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into the mouth. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Sumatra, Philippines, and the Eastern United States.

tocacco Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as an organic pesticide, and in the form of nicotine tartrate it is used in some medicines. In consumption it may be in the form of cigarettes smoking, snuffing, chewing, dipping tobacco, or snus.

tocacco Cigarettes are smoking products consumed by people and made out of cut tobacco leaves. Cigars are typically composed completely of whole-leaf tobacco. A cigarette has smaller size, composed of processed leaf, and white paper wrapping. The term cigarette refers to a tobacco cigarette too but it can apply to similar devices containing other herbs, such as cannabis.
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Tobacco money sways California politics

The tobacco industry spent $9.3 million over the past two years to fight cigarette taxes, support candidates and influence politics in California, an anti-smoking group said in a report issued this week.

The report by the American Lung Association in California said political spending by tobacco interests over the past decade totaled almost $100 million, with cigarette maker Philip Morris USA Inc. accounting for more than half the total.

Altria Group Inc., corporate parent of Philip Morris, declined to comment.

Curt Hagman, R-Chino, was the big recipient among the region’s lawmakers in the Assembly in the 2009-10 election cycle. He received $7,800 from Altria Group and $3,500 from RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company.

Former Sen. George Runner, R-Lancaster, led the region’s senators by raising $14,700 in the 2009-10 cycle. Runner received $9,700 from Altria, $4,000 from RJ Reynolds and $1,000 from the California Distributors Association PAC. Runner resigned his seat in December and now serves on the state Board of Equalization.

The report is the latest by the association documenting political spending by the tobacco industry, which spikes when cigarette taxes or tobacco regulations are in play at the Capitol or at the ballot box.

Researchers found that tobacco companies and distributors contributed more than $6.5 million to political committees and candidates for the Legislature and statewide office in 2009 and 2010. Most of that went to two tax-related ballot initiatives.

Another $2.7 million went for lobbying on legislation.

“Big tobacco continues to use its vast financial resources for campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures to oppose bills and ballot initiatives that would benefit public health by reducing tobacco use,” said Jane Warner, president and chief executive of the state lung association, in a prepared statement.

The group said smoking rates continue to drop in California, which contributes to better health and lower medical expenses, but the tobacco industry spends heavily to fight efforts that could cut smoking even more.

About 60 percent of all industry contributions during the two-year period - $3.85million, all from Philip Morris - went to political committees that were trying to influence the results of two 2010 ballot measures. The tobacco company gave money to oppose Proposition 25, which changed the vote needed to pass a state budget from two-thirds to a simple majority; and to support Proposition 26, which classified many fees as taxes so that a two-thirds majority vote is needed to change them.

Voters approved both measures.

About half of all legislators received contributions from one of three tobacco companies or a group that represents tobacco distributors in California, with 21 of them accepting at least $10,000. Both major party candidates for governor in 2010 also received contributions, with $2,500 for Democrat Jerry Brown and $25,900 for Republican Meg Whitman.

Spending on campaigns during 2009-10 was dwarfed by the 2005-06 election cycle, when tobacco interests spent $66.6 million, largely to defeat Proposition 86, a 2006 ballot measure that would have boosted the California tobacco tax by $2.60 a pack.

Another ballot measure in 2012 may also draw tobacco spending. A proposal to raise the tobacco tax by $1 a pack to finance smoking prevention efforts and research on cancer and other smoking-linked illnesses will go to the voters in February or June.

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