Daily Archives: November 10, 2011

Global youth tobacco survey

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The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) is a school-based survey designed to enhance the capacity of countries to monitor tobacco use among youth and to guide the implementation and evaluation of tobacco prevention and control programmes. The survey is a joint project between the World Health Organization (WHO), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (CDC) and the Canadian Public Health Association.
The GYTS uses a standard methodology for constructing the sampling frame, selecting schools and classes, preparing questionnaires, following consistent field procedures and using consistent data management procedures for data processing and analysis. Data are collected from each of WHO’s six regions. The survey includes questions on prevalence of cigarette and other tobacco use, attitudes
toward tobacco, media and advertising as well as smoking cessation. The information generated from the GYTS can be used to stimulate the development of tobacco control programmes and can serve as a means to assess progress in meeting programme goals.
Since 1999, all the countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region have conducted at least one round of the GYTS, 15 countries have conducted two rounds and one country has conducted three rounds. This publication highlights the trends in five important variables of tobacco usage and exposure among school students (13-15 years) across the countries of the Region. The variables are: current users of
cigarettes; current users of other tobacco products besides cigarettes; never smokers who are susceptible to start smoking; and exposure to second-hand smoke at home and in public places.
The results show a high percentage of cigarette users among young teenagers, a trend that is rising in many countries, and a rising trend in the use of other tobacco products, such as the water pipe. The percentage of teenagers who are susceptible to starting smoking is particularly worrying since it indicates that current tobacco control messages are either not reaching or are not having adequate impact on this vulnerable age group. Only a few countries show an improvement in the high percentages of young people exposed to second-hand smoke in the home or in public places.
The action of young people today is a predictor of the health of tomorrow’s adults. The youth of the Region are easy prey to the subversive messaging of the tobacco industry and to the popularization of the water pipe. Clearly, tobacco control programmes need to step up their efforts to reduce consumption, through raising awareness of the health issues at stake and promotion of tobacco cessation, and to implement firm policies in favour of smoke-free environments.

U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

Examination of historical tobacco data reveals a declining long-term trend in the utilization of tobacco by U.S. manufacturers and leaf exporters. While world tobaccoexports increased over the past two decades, U.S. leaf tobacco exports declined inrelative and absolute terms. Cigarette manufacturers have been increasing the use ofless expensive foreign tobacco and decreasing the use of more costly U.S.-grown tobacco. Now, actions taken as a result of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between cigarette manufacturers and states’ attorneys general are further diminishing the consumption of tobacco products in the United States. Cigarette exports also have been declining recently in contrast to a history of growth.

The Straight-Up Guide to Drugs, Addiction, Drug Abuse and Treatment

There’s every other drug info and addiction help website, then there’s TheGoodDrugsGuide.com
Our goal is to make drug information easily accessible and “straight up”. Our drug guides cover all the issues drug users and those concerned about drug use need to know and understand. Inside, you’ll find:
Overview of the basics for all major drugs;
Photos and media for help with drug identification;
Insight into the effects and dangers;
Addiction and tolerance information;
Drug testing resources and detection time data;
Frequently asked questions archive.