Monthly Archives: November 2011

Tobacco firms bypass marketing restrictions with clever web campaigns

Tobacco companies may be bypassing marketing bans by secretly posting promotional videos online, according to a study conducted by researchers from the University of Otago, New Zealand, and published in the journal Tobacco Control.

Cigarettes Without Smoke, or Regulation


FALL RIVER, Mass. — During 34 years of smoking, Carolyn Smeaton has tried countless ways to reduce her three-pack-a-day habit, including a nicotine patch, nicotine gum and a prescription drug. But stop-smoking aids always failed her.
Then, having watched a TV infomercial at her home here, Ms. Smeaton tried an electronic cigarette, which claimed to be a less dangerous way to feed her addiction. The battery-powered device she bought online delivered an odorless dose of nicotine and flavoring without cigarette tar or additives, and produced a vapor mist nearly identical in appearance to tobacco smoke.

20 Shocking Smoking Facts

As smokers, we learn early on to put up a mental wall of denial between our smoking habit and the harsh reality of the damage we’re inflicting on ourselves with every cigarette smoked.
We tell ourselves lies that allow us smoke with some level of comfort. We say we have time to quit…that cancer doesn’t run in our family…that we can quit any time we want to…that the bad things happen to other people. And because smoking is typically a slow killer, those lies support the framework of our wall of denial for years and years.

Senate Approves Tight Regulation Over Cigarettes

The legislation, which the White House said President Obama would sign as soon as it reached his desk, will enable the Food and Drug Administration to impose potentially strict new controls on the making and marketing of products that eventually kill half their regular users. The House, which passed a similar bill in April, may vote on the Senate version as soon as Friday.
“This is a historic step changing the nature of tobacco in society forever,” said Clifford E. Douglas, the director of the University of Michigan Tobacco Research Network, which has extensively studied the health effects of smoking and was one of many groups that have long pushed for tobacco regulation.

MEASURES TO REDUCE THE DEMAND FOR TOBACCO

COUNTRIES with successful tobacco control policies employ a mix of approaches. We now discuss each in turn, summarizing the evidence for their effectiveness.
Raising cigarette taxes

Cost of tobacco

BEIJING, Nov. 11 (Xinhuanet) — Tobacco research is a battlefield where cigarette producers and tobacco control researchers fight for funds.

Growing Tobacco in the Home Garden

Many homeowners wish to grow a few plants of tobacco in their yard or garden for ornamental purposes or for personal use. Tobacco plants are usually no more difficult to grow than many other garden plants, but it is difficult to cure, age, and process tobacco without specialized facilities. As a result of federal legislation in late 2005, restrictions of commercial tobacco production to quota holders are no longer in effect.

Global youth tobacco survey

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The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) is a school-based survey designed to enhance the capacity of countries to monitor tobacco use among youth and to guide the implementation and evaluation of tobacco prevention and control programmes. The survey is a joint project between the World Health Organization (WHO), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (CDC) and the Canadian Public Health Association.
The GYTS uses a standard methodology for constructing the sampling frame, selecting schools and classes, preparing questionnaires, following consistent field procedures and using consistent data management procedures for data processing and analysis. Data are collected from each of WHO’s six regions. The survey includes questions on prevalence of cigarette and other tobacco use, attitudes
toward tobacco, media and advertising as well as smoking cessation. The information generated from the GYTS can be used to stimulate the development of tobacco control programmes and can serve as a means to assess progress in meeting programme goals.
Since 1999, all the countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region have conducted at least one round of the GYTS, 15 countries have conducted two rounds and one country has conducted three rounds. This publication highlights the trends in five important variables of tobacco usage and exposure among school students (13-15 years) across the countries of the Region. The variables are: current users of
cigarettes; current users of other tobacco products besides cigarettes; never smokers who are susceptible to start smoking; and exposure to second-hand smoke at home and in public places.
The results show a high percentage of cigarette users among young teenagers, a trend that is rising in many countries, and a rising trend in the use of other tobacco products, such as the water pipe. The percentage of teenagers who are susceptible to starting smoking is particularly worrying since it indicates that current tobacco control messages are either not reaching or are not having adequate impact on this vulnerable age group. Only a few countries show an improvement in the high percentages of young people exposed to second-hand smoke in the home or in public places.
The action of young people today is a predictor of the health of tomorrow’s adults. The youth of the Region are easy prey to the subversive messaging of the tobacco industry and to the popularization of the water pipe. Clearly, tobacco control programmes need to step up their efforts to reduce consumption, through raising awareness of the health issues at stake and promotion of tobacco cessation, and to implement firm policies in favour of smoke-free environments.

U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

Examination of historical tobacco data reveals a declining long-term trend in the utilization of tobacco by U.S. manufacturers and leaf exporters. While world tobaccoexports increased over the past two decades, U.S. leaf tobacco exports declined inrelative and absolute terms. Cigarette manufacturers have been increasing the use ofless expensive foreign tobacco and decreasing the use of more costly U.S.-grown tobacco. Now, actions taken as a result of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between cigarette manufacturers and states’ attorneys general are further diminishing the consumption of tobacco products in the United States. Cigarette exports also have been declining recently in contrast to a history of growth.

The Straight-Up Guide to Drugs, Addiction, Drug Abuse and Treatment

There’s every other drug info and addiction help website, then there’s TheGoodDrugsGuide.com
Our goal is to make drug information easily accessible and “straight up”. Our drug guides cover all the issues drug users and those concerned about drug use need to know and understand. Inside, you’ll find:
Overview of the basics for all major drugs;
Photos and media for help with drug identification;
Insight into the effects and dangers;
Addiction and tolerance information;
Drug testing resources and detection time data;
Frequently asked questions archive.

TOBACCO TIMELINE

U.S. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
1933: The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933.
Tobacco farmers were being ruined as the market dropped, manufacturers hid their purchase plans and banks charged interest rates of up to 37%. 25% of all families in North Carolina were on relief as farmers appealed to the sympathetic Roosevelt administration. The Agricultural Adjustment Act guarantees price supports in exchange for limiting production via allotments and quotas; so long as farmers didn’t grow past their seasonally allotted acreage, the government would buy the unsold tobacco. The plan is dependent on close communication with manufacturers, and their upcoming buying needs. The bill has undergone many amendments over the years, the most important being the 1938 bill authorizing marketing quotas and the 1949 act authorizing price supports.
1935: The Tobacco Inspection Act is enacted by Congress. This act established the framework for development of official tobacco grade standards, authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to designate tobacco auction markets where tobacco growers would receive mandatory inspection of each lot of tobacco to determine its grade and type, and provided for the distribution of daily price reports showing the current average price for each grade. The Agricultural Marketing Service’s Tobacco Division was established to provide these services to the industry. (Other authorizing legislation: The Tobacco Adjustment Act; Public Law 99-198, Section 1161; The Naval Stores Act
1938: AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT is passed again, this time authorizing marketing quotas.
1949: AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT is passed again, this time authorizing price supports.
1965: The FEDERAL CIGARETTE LABELING AND ADVERTISING ACT is passed, requiring health warnings on cigarette packages only.

How Does Smoking Affect Athletes?

Lung Health
One of the main impacts of smoking on athletic performance is a decrease in lung function. The lungs consist of delicate membranes which are able to filter oxygen out of the air and send it into the bloodstream. Oxygen is essential for muscle function, especially during exercise, when muscles demand more oxygen. Smoking breaks down tiny hairs called cilia which are meant to prevent foreign bodies, such as dust and other particles, from interfering with respiration. Eventually the lungs become less efficient in drawing oxygen from the air, which can lead to asthma, bronchitis and other lung ailments. For athletes, this means a decrease in stamina and performance, as muscles that get inadequate oxygen become fatigued more quickly. Smokers also tend to suffer from shortness of breath more often than nonsmokers, as their muscles and heart demand more oxygen than their lungs are able to supply.