For several days now, thousands of tobacco farmers had protests in Jakarta on the government’s plan to issue regulations later this month on measures to combat tobacco use.
While farmers have argued that the regulation will hurt their lives, health advocates are calling for the project will be published as soon as possible because of the importance of combating smoking and related health effects. In the various stakeholders to discuss the regulation, which consists of 65 articles in eight chapters, we look at the contents. The first chapter provides a general definition and description of the regulatory objectives, which it says is designed to mitigate the impact of tobacco on health, family, society and the environment.
The second chapter discusses the problems in the regulation of cigarette products from natural and synthetic tobacco. This is followed by detailed duties of the head of the Government at central and regional levels in relation to tobacco use and its threat to human health. In line with this, the government organizes supervision over the use of drugs in the form of tobacco products. It would encourage research and development in the industry that are safe, and it will contribute to the diversification of tobacco products.
Chapter Four, the longest chapter is about how efforts to control tobacco products will be carried out. It identifies key issues related to production and import of tobacco products, distribution, protection of children and pregnant women, and not smoking zones. It also requires cigarette manufacturers to conduct tests of nicotine and tar content of each type of cigarettes they produce. An exception is made for modes of tobacco used in traditional societies, including klobot, in which tobacco, wrapped in corn leaves, klembak menyan, which are intertwined with smoking tobacco and cut tobacco.
Manufacturers also are prohibited from using supplements that have not been scientifically proven to have no adverse health effects. Article 14 also requires the head of the importers and cigarette manufacturers to include health warnings in the form of photographs and text on the cigarette packs. Article 22 requires that the packets contain information about nicotine and tar content, along with a warning that the sale or transfer of cigarettes to persons under 18 years of age or pregnant women is not allowed.
Packages must also carry out production code and the date and the name and address of the manufacturer. Article 25 prohibits the sale of tobacco products through automatic vending machines to minors and pregnant women. Articles 26 to 31 cover restrictions on tobacco advertising in print, radio, online and outdoor advertising such as billboards. In accordance with the limitations of audio advertising such as radio advertisements for cigarettes have to devote 10 percent of their time in verbal warnings.
However, image ads must devote 10 percent of their area for the alert. Article 28 also includes a specific ban on tobacco advertising in print media. One of them is that these ads will never be published on the front or the back of the print edition or near the advertising of food and beverages. Restrictions on outdoor advertising media include a ban on tobacco advertising that is displayed in non-smoking areas and along major roads. The decree also prohibits the free distribution of cigarettes, as well as discounts and gifts in the form of sales of cigarettes.
Events supported by the tobacco companies are also prohibited from holding manufacturers logo or brand of cigarettes magazines. Article 39 of Chapter prohibits the distribution or transmission of images or photographs of people smoking cigarettes, cigarette smoke, cigarette packs, or any issues related to tobacco products. It also prohibits the transfer of any information on tobacco products in printed, broadcast and online media, if there is any commercial activity or effort to encourage people to smoke.
Article 46 prohibits an adult from the said order, or persons under the age of 18 to sell, buy or consume tobacco products. This chapter also provides for compulsory measures of smoking areas in hospitals, classrooms, playgrounds, places of worship, public transport, workplaces and other public places. Public transport nodes and employment are required to provide specially designated areas for smoking. They should be open areas outdoors with direct ventilation.
Chapter Five defines the regulatory role of the public in the campaign for tobacco control and monitoring and reporting violations. The sixth chapter details how government officials will carry the smoke-free zones for the first time to stop smoking and counsel existing smokers to help them quit smoking.
He says that these efforts should be undertaken in cooperation with international organizations.
The final chapter identifies where the provisions are in force.