The percentage of Americans who smoke tobacco has fallen sharply over the past 50 years. In the 1960, smoking has been widely recognized: approximately 42% of Americans were regular smokers. As evidence mounted that tobacco has been linked to cancer, heart disease and other serious health problems, policies have been adopted to reduce smoking. The relationship began to change, and the prevalence of smoking is gradually reduced.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 22% of adult men and 18% of adult women were regular smokers in the first half of 2010 almost half of the rate 1960s.
1 Some business analysts have the time, probably about 2046, when smoking is rare to nonexistent in the United States has important implications for tobacco companies.
2 But smoking is not declining very rapidly, especially among the less educated, rural and low-income Americans. And many teens light up to look cool, lose weight or fit into their peer group, often setting a lifelong habit.
Cigarette smoking was originally adopted by the upper classes: the first among men and women. He was a symbol of elegance and wealth in the first half of the 20th century. The practice eventually spread to the middle and working classes. As well as a higher-income Americans were the first to take the habit, they were the first to embrace the anti-tobacco messages and to abandon it. Today, smoking is more common among people with lower education and lower income than among more educated and wealthy people. It is more common in small towns and rural areas than in large urban areas.
Education illustrates the differences in socio-economic gap in smoking prevalence. In 2009 about 30% of the adult population with higher education was smokers compared with 22%of those with some college and only 9% of those at least a bachelor’s degree . Analysis of educational differences in the 1990s offers little real reduction education gap, especially among the white majority, but changes in attitudes and behaviors often occur slowly.
Distribution highest among non-Hispanic whites
Smoking is most prevalent among non-Hispanic whites: 25% white and 22% of white women were regular smokers in 2009. Smoking is less common and declining among Hispanics, but this may be partly due to immigration trends, as more and more non-smokers Hispanics in the country. In 2009, 18% of Hispanic men and 9% of Hispanic women were smokers. African-Americans are smoking almost as much as non-Hispanic whites, but smoking has declined among young African-Americans since 1977, indicating a decrease in the overall level of adults in the future.
Teenage smoking an important marker
Most adult smokers picked up the habit in their teens, so the trends in teenage smoking are an important harbinger of future smoking rates. Smoking among adolescents ranged in recent years, some analysts refer to the unevenness of the effectiveness of tobacco control policies.6 in 1975 about 37% of 12th graders said they smoked in the previous 30 days. In 2010 only 19% said they smoked in the last month. But the decline was not smooth and seems to have slowed in recent years . Trends vary by ethnic group, with falling rates for young African-Americans and Hispanics, and a more moderate decline among whites.
It is not clear why some groups are taking smoking while others do not, but anti-tobacco advocates point to the images and messages that promote smoking, whether they are in fact advertisements, or in the movies and television.7% study of German adolescents showed that the “tobacco ads work because companies are trying their message to young people who are particularly sensitive to even subtle meaning, for example, suggests that smoking is associated with masculinity, in the case of men, and subtlety, sexual attraction and independence for girls.”
Policies aimed at reducing smoking
Besides trying to reduce the attractiveness of smoking to adolescents, many politicians are focused on reducing access to cigarettes, such as enforcing the minimum age limit to purchase the package (18 in most states), the limit where people can smoke cigarettes and make more expensive by imposing taxes. Most public buildings and businesses to curb smoking in the room, and smaller businesses have cigarette vending machines that adolescents can easily access.
Many states add an excise tax on the sale of cigarettes to smoking and to raise revenues to pay for smoking-related diseases. Taxes on cigarette excise tax from about $ 0.17 per pack in Missouri to $ 4.25 in New York state average of $ 1.45 tax. Pack of cigarettes costs about $ 11 in New York compared to the national average of $ 4.80. It’s a high price, but the CDC estimates that each packet is the people of almost $ 11 in health expenses and lost productivity.
Although many policies have proven effective in reducing smoking, more than one-fifth of U.S. adults still smoke and about one-fifth of U.S. 12th graders smoke at least occasionally. Progress was slow, but a sharp decline in some population groups, college graduates, Hispanics and African-American adolescents have shown that change can happen more quickly, bringing us closer to a smoke-free society, business analysts had predicted.